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Gymnura altavela  (Linnaeus, 1758)

Spiny butterfly ray
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
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Gymnura altavela   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Gymnura altavela (Spiny butterfly ray)
Gymnura altavela
Picture by Flescher, D.

Classification / Names आम नाम | उपशब्द | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

इलाज़मौबरांकी (शारक और रेज़) (sharks and rays) > Myliobatiformes (Stingrays) > Gymnuridae (Butterfly rays)
Etymology: Gymnura: Greek, gymnos = naked + Greek, oura = tail (Ref. 45335).

पर्यावरण / जलवायु / सीमा पारिस्थितिकी

; समुद्री; खारा ड़िमरसल; गहराई सीमा 5 - 100 m (Ref. 6808).   Subtropical, preferred 27°C (Ref. 107945); 44°N - 35°S

वितरण देश | ऐफ ऐ ओ क्षेत्र | Ecosystems | संयोग | Point map | भूमिका | Faunafri

Western Atlantic: southern New England, USA, Brazil (Ref. 7251) to Argentina (Ref. 58839). Eastern Atlantic: Portugal to Ambriz, Angola (including the Mediterranean, Black Sea, and the Madeira and Canary islands).

आकार / वज़न / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 400 cm WD पुल्लिंग / अलिंग; (Ref. 3709); common length : 200 cm WD पुल्लिंग / अलिंग; (Ref. 3709); अधिकतम प्रकाशित वज़न: 60.0 kg (Ref. 4699)

Short description आकृति विज्ञान | मौरफोमैटरिक्स

Tail short armed with spine. Disk very broad. Very low dorsal and ventral finfolds on tail (Ref. 7251). Disk dark brown to grayish, lower surface of disc and of pelvic fins white, brownish, rosy or rusty cast. Tail white or rosy white below (Ref. 6902).

जीवविज्ञान     शब्द संग्रह (उदाहरणार्थ epibenthic)

Maximum length measured is 140 cm (Ref. 5377). Occurs over sand and mud. Feeds on fishes, crustaceans, mollusks and plankton. Ovoviviparous, gestation lasting about 6 months with 4 to 7 embryos produced per female (Ref. 6676).

Life cycle and mating behavior परिपक्व अवधि | पुनरुत्पत्ति | मछलीऔ का अंडे देना | अंडे | Fecundity | लार्वा

Exhibit ovoviparity (aplacental viviparity), with embryos feeding initially on yolk, then receiving additional nourishment from the mother by indirect absorption of uterine fluid enriched with mucus, fat or protein through specialised structures (Ref. 50449). Distinct pairing with embrace (Ref. 205).

Main reference Upload your references | संदर्भ | संयोजक : McEachran, John | सहयोगीयो

Bauchot, M.-L., 1987. Raies et autres batoides. p. 845-886. In W. Fischer, M.L. Bauchot and M. Schneider (eds.) Fiches FAO d'identificationpour les besoins de la pêche. (rev. 1). Mèditerranée et mer Noire. Zone de pêche 37. Vol. II. Commission des Communautés Européennes and FAO, Rome. (Ref. 3261)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

मात्स्यिकी: लघु वाणिज्य; आखेट मत्स्य: हां
FAO(मात्स्यिकी: production; publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Fecundity
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Egg development
Age/Size
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Length-weight
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मौरफोमैटरिक्स
आकृति विज्ञान
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