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Glyptocephalus cynoglossus  (Linnaeus, 1758)

Witch flounder
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Image of Glyptocephalus cynoglossus (Witch flounder)
Glyptocephalus cynoglossus
Picture by Dolgov, A.

klasifikasi / Names Nama-nama umum | Sinonim (persamaan) | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Ikan bertulan sejati > Pleuronectiformes (Flatfishes) > Pleuronectidae (Righteye flounders) > Pleuronectinae
Etymology: Glyptocephalus: Greek, glyptes = carver + Greek, kephale = head (Ref. 45335).

Lingkungan / Klimat / Range Ekologi

; laut dasar (demersal); oceanodromus (Ref. 51243); kisaran kedalaman 18 - 1570 m (Ref. 5951), usually 45 - 366 m (Ref. 6263).   Temperate; 2°C - 6°C (Ref. 6263), preferred 6°C (Ref. 107945); 74°N - 35°N, 79°W - 26°E

Penyebaran Negara-negara | Daerah-daerah FAO | Ecosystems | Kemunculan | Point map | Introduksi | Faunafri

Eastern Atlantic: Northern Spain to northern Norway. Western Atlantic: Gulf of St. Lawrence and Grand Banks in Canada to North Carolina in USA (Ref. 7251).

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / umur

Maturity: Lm 30.4  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 60.0 cm SL jantan/; (Ref. 4705); Berat maksimum terpublikasi: 2.5 kg (Ref. 35388); Umur maksimum dilaporkan: 25 Tahun (Ref. 6263)

deskripsi pendek Morfologi | Morfometrik

Duri punggung (Keseluruhan (total)): 0; duri punggung lunak (Keseluruhan (total)): 95-120; Sirip dubur lunak: 85 - 102. Pectoral fin of eyed side shorter than head. Distal part of pectoral fin blackish (Ref. 232). Large mucus pores on the blind side of the head. Uniform coloration, rough scales. Body elongated with complete straight lateral line (Ref. 35388).

Biologi     Daftar kata (contoh epibenthic)

Inhabits soft mud bottoms in fairly deep water (Ref. 9988). Benthic (Ref. 58426). Feeds on crustaceans, polychaetes, brittle stars (Ref. 9988) and fishes (Ref. 58426). Marketed fresh or frozen; eaten steamed, fried, microwaved and baked (Ref. 9988).

Life cycle and mating behavior Kematangan | Reproduksi, perkembang biakan | Pemijahan | telur-telur | Fecundity | Larva

Eggs and larvae are pelagic.

rujukan utama Upload your references | Acuan | Koordinator : Amaoka, Kunio | mitra

Cooper, J.A. and F. Chapleau, 1998. Monophyly and intrarelationships of the family Pleuronectidae (Pleuronectiformes), with a revised classification. Fish. Bull. 96(4):686-726. (Ref. 30193)

Status IUCN Red List (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

ancaman kepada manusia

  Harmless




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