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Glyptocephalus cynoglossus  (Linnaeus, 1758)

Witch flounder
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Glyptocephalus cynoglossus
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Classification / Names Nomi Comuni | Sinonimi | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterigi (pesci con pinne raggiate) > Pleuronectiformes (Flatfishes) > Pleuronectidae (Righteye flounders) > Pleuronectinae
Etymology: Glyptocephalus: Greek, glyptes = carver + Greek, kephale = head (Ref. 45335).

Ambiente / Clima / Range Ecologia

; marino demersale; oceanodromo (Ref. 51243); distribuzione batimetrica 18 - 1570 m (Ref. 5951), usually 45 - 366 m (Ref. 6263).   Temperate; 2°C - 6°C (Ref. 6263), preferred 6°C (Ref. 107945); 74°N - 35°N, 79°W - 26°E

Distribuzione Stati | Aree FAO | Ecosystems | Presenze | Point map | Introduzioni | Faunafri

Eastern Atlantic: Northern Spain to northern Norway. Western Atlantic: Gulf of St. Lawrence and Grand Banks in Canada to North Carolina in USA (Ref. 7251).

Length at first maturity / Size / Peso / Age

Maturity: Lm 30.4  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 60.0 cm SL maschio/sesso non determinato; (Ref. 4705); Peso massimo pubblicato: 2.5 kg (Ref. 35388); Età massima riportata: 25 anni (Ref. 6263)

Short description Morfologia | Morfometria

Spine dorsali (totale): 0; Raggi dorsali molli (totale): 95-120; Raggi anali molli: 85 - 102. Pectoral fin of eyed side shorter than head. Distal part of pectoral fin blackish (Ref. 232). Large mucus pores on the blind side of the head. Uniform coloration, rough scales. Body elongated with complete straight lateral line (Ref. 35388).

Biologia     Glossario (es. epibenthic)

Inhabits soft mud bottoms in fairly deep water (Ref. 9988). Benthic (Ref. 58426). Feeds on crustaceans, polychaetes, brittle stars (Ref. 9988) and fishes (Ref. 58426). Marketed fresh or frozen; eaten steamed, fried, microwaved and baked (Ref. 9988).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturità | Riproduzione | Deposizione | Uova | Fecundity | Larve

Eggs and larvae are pelagic.

Main reference Upload your references | Bibliografia | Coordinatore : Amaoka, Kunio | Collaboratori

Cooper, J.A. and F. Chapleau, 1998. Monophyly and intrarelationships of the family Pleuronectidae (Pleuronectiformes), with a revised classification. Fish. Bull. 96(4):686-726. (Ref. 30193)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Pesca: commerciale

Informazioni ulteriori

Stati
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Ecologia
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