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Glyptocephalus cynoglossus  (Linnaeus, 1758)

Witch flounder
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Image of Glyptocephalus cynoglossus (Witch flounder)
Glyptocephalus cynoglossus
Picture by Dolgov, A.

分类 / Names 俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii 辐鳍鱼纲 (条鳍鱼) > Pleuronectiformes (Flatfishes) > Pleuronectidae (Righteye flounders) > Pleuronectinae
Etymology: Glyptocephalus: Greek, glyptes = carver + Greek, kephale = head (Ref. 45335).

环境 / 气候 / 范围 生态学

; 海洋 居于水底的; 海洋洄游的 (Ref. 51243); 深度上下限 18 - 1570 m (Ref. 5951), usually 45 - 366 m (Ref. 6263).    2°C - 6°C (Ref. 6263), preferred 6°C (Ref. 107945); 74°N - 35°N, 79°W - 26°E

分布 国家 | FAO区域 | 生态系 | 标本纪录 | Point map | 简介 | Faunafri

Eastern Atlantic: Northern Spain to northern Norway. Western Atlantic: Gulf of St. Lawrence and Grand Banks in Canada to North Carolina in USA (Ref. 7251).

Length at first maturity / 大小 / 重量 / 年龄

Maturity: Lm 30.4  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 60.0 cm SL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 4705); 最大体重: 2.5 kg (Ref. 35388); 最大年龄: 25 年 (Ref. 6263)

简单描述 型态特徵 | 形态测量图

背棘 (总数): 0; 背的软条 (总数): 95-120; 臀鳍软条: 85 - 102. Pectoral fin of eyed side shorter than head. Distal part of pectoral fin blackish (Ref. 232). Large mucus pores on the blind side of the head. Uniform coloration, rough scales. Body elongated with complete straight lateral line (Ref. 35388).

生物学特性     字汇 (例如 epibenthic)

Inhabits soft mud bottoms in fairly deep water (Ref. 9988). Benthic (Ref. 58426). Feeds on crustaceans, polychaetes, brittle stars (Ref. 9988) and fishes (Ref. 58426). Marketed fresh or frozen; eaten steamed, fried, microwaved and baked (Ref. 9988).

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼

Eggs and larvae are pelagic.

主要参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | 合作者 : Amaoka, Kunio | 合作者

Cooper, J.A. and F. Chapleau, 1998. Monophyly and intrarelationships of the family Pleuronectidae (Pleuronectiformes), with a revised classification. Fish. Bull. 96(4):686-726. (Ref. 30193)

世界自然保护联盟红皮书 (Ref. 115185)

  不评价 

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

对人类的威胁

 




人类利用

渔业: 商业性
FAO(渔业: 产生, 物种外形; publication : search) | FIRMS (Stock assessments) | FisheriesWiki | 周边海洋

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参考文献
养殖
养殖信息
品种
遗传学
基因序列
遗传率
疾病
加工
Mass conversion
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Stamps, Coins
声音
神经毒
速度
泳型
鳃区
Otoliths
脑重体重比
眼睛色素

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