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Esox masquinongy  Mitchill, 1824

Muskellunge
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Native range | All suitable habitat
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Esox masquinongy   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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分類 / Names 俗名 | 同種異名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii 輻鰭魚綱 (條鰭魚) > Esociformes (Pikes and mudminnows) > Esocidae (Pikes)
Etymology: Esox: From Greek, isox and also related with the Celtic root, eog, ehawc = salmon (Ref. 45335);  masquinongy: Stemmed from an Ojibwa (Chippewa) Indian name for this fish (Ref. 10294).   More on author: Mitchill.

環境 / 氣候 / 範圍 生態學

; 淡水 居於水底的; 非遷移的.    , preferred ?; 53°N - 30°N

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North America: Native to St. Lawrence River - Great Lakes, Hudson Bay (Red River), and Mississippi River basins. Introduced elsewhere in the USA. Native populations are protected in portions of Tennessee and Ohio.

Length at first maturity / 大小 / 重量 / 年齡

Maturity: Lm 77.0  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 183 cm TL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 5723); common length : 95.0 cm TL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 12193); 最大體重: 31.8 kg (Ref. 3549); 最大年齡: 30 年 (Ref. 26373)

生物學特性     字彙 (例如 epibenthic)

Lives in clear vegetated lakes, quiet pools and backwaters of creeks and small to large rivers (Ref. 205, 10294). Solitary, lurking hunter on other fishes as well as on ducklings, muskrats, and snakes. Oviparous, spawn in spring as the ice melts (Ref. 205).

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 產卵場 | | 孕卵數 | 仔魚

Some experts believe that some form of copulation happens during breeding of this species. The female turns on her side to expose her abdomen to the male who then swims against her in a forceful movement. Aftewards, the female takes a rest and deposits her eggs in the sand. This whole activity is presumably repeated one more time (Ref. 205). Other experts believe otherwise, that only a simple and simultaneous discharge of gametes happens during breeding (Ref. 205).

主要參考資料 Upload your references | 參考文獻 | 合作者 | 合作者

Crossman, E.J., 1996. Taxonomy and distribution. p. 1-11. In J.F. Craig (ed.) Pike biology and exploration. Chapman and Hall, London. 298 p. (Ref. 26373)

IUCN 瀕危狀態 (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

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人類使用

漁業: 商業性; 養殖: 商業性; 游釣魚種: 是的; 水族館: 公眾的水族館
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