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Esox masquinongy  Mitchill, 1824

Muskellunge
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Native range | All suitable habitat
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Esox masquinongy   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Klassifizierung / Names Namen | Synonyme | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (Strahlenflosser) > Esociformes (Pikes and mudminnows) > Esocidae (Pikes)
Etymology: Esox: From Greek, isox and also related with the Celtic root, eog, ehawc = salmon (Ref. 45335);  masquinongy: Stemmed from an Ojibwa (Chippewa) Indian name for this fish (Ref. 10294).   More on author: Mitchill.

Lebensraum / Klimazone / Range Ökologie

; süßwasser demersal; standorttreu.   Temperate, preferred ?; 53°N - 30°N

Verbreitung Länder | FAO Gebiete | Ecosystems | Vorkommen | Point map | Einführungen | Faunafri

North America: Native to St. Lawrence River - Great Lakes, Hudson Bay (Red River), and Mississippi River basins. Introduced elsewhere in the USA. Native populations are protected in portions of Tennessee and Ohio.

Length at first maturity / Size / Gewicht / Alter

Maturity: Lm 77.0  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 183 cm TL Männchen/unbestimmt; (Ref. 5723); common length : 95.0 cm TL Männchen/unbestimmt; (Ref. 12193); max. veröff. Gewicht: 31.8 kg (Ref. 3549); max. veröff. Alter: 30 Jahre (Ref. 26373)

Biologie     Fachlexikon (Englisch) (z.B. epibenthic)

Lives in clear vegetated lakes, quiet pools and backwaters of creeks and small to large rivers (Ref. 205, 10294). Solitary, lurking hunter on other fishes as well as on ducklings, muskrats, and snakes. Oviparous, spawn in spring as the ice melts (Ref. 205).

Life cycle and mating behavior Geschlechtsreife | Fortpflanzung | Ablaichen | Eier | Fecundity | Larven

Some experts believe that some form of copulation happens during breeding of this species. The female turns on her side to expose her abdomen to the male who then swims against her in a forceful movement. Aftewards, the female takes a rest and deposits her eggs in the sand. This whole activity is presumably repeated one more time (Ref. 205). Other experts believe otherwise, that only a simple and simultaneous discharge of gametes happens during breeding (Ref. 205).

Hauptreferenz Upload your references | Referenzen | Koordinator | Partner

Crossman, E.J., 1996. Taxonomy and distribution. p. 1-11. In J.F. Craig (ed.) Pike biology and exploration. Chapman and Hall, London. 298 p. (Ref. 26373)

IUCN Rote Liste Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Bedrohung für Menschen

  Harmless




Nutzung durch Menschen

Fischereien: kommerziell; Aquakultur: kommerziell; Sportfisch: ja; Aquarium: Öffentliche Aquarien
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