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Esox masquinongy  Mitchill, 1824

Muskellunge
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Native range | All suitable habitat
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Esox masquinongy   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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分类 / Names 俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii 辐鳍鱼纲 (条鳍鱼) > Esociformes (Pikes and mudminnows) > Esocidae (Pikes)
Etymology: Esox: From Greek, isox and also related with the Celtic root, eog, ehawc = salmon (Ref. 45335);  masquinongy: Stemmed from an Ojibwa (Chippewa) Indian name for this fish (Ref. 10294).   More on author: Mitchill.

环境 / 气候 / 范围 生态学

; 淡水 居于水底的; 非迁移的.    , preferred ?; 53°N - 30°N

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North America: Native to St. Lawrence River - Great Lakes, Hudson Bay (Red River), and Mississippi River basins. Introduced elsewhere in the USA. Native populations are protected in portions of Tennessee and Ohio.

Length at first maturity / 大小 / 重量 / 年龄

Maturity: Lm 77.0  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 183 cm TL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 5723); common length : 95.0 cm TL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 12193); 最大体重: 31.8 kg (Ref. 3549); 最大年龄: 30 年 (Ref. 26373)

生物学特性     字汇 (例如 epibenthic)

Lives in clear vegetated lakes, quiet pools and backwaters of creeks and small to large rivers (Ref. 205, 10294). Solitary, lurking hunter on other fishes as well as on ducklings, muskrats, and snakes. Oviparous, spawn in spring as the ice melts (Ref. 205).

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼

Some experts believe that some form of copulation happens during breeding of this species. The female turns on her side to expose her abdomen to the male who then swims against her in a forceful movement. Aftewards, the female takes a rest and deposits her eggs in the sand. This whole activity is presumably repeated one more time (Ref. 205). Other experts believe otherwise, that only a simple and simultaneous discharge of gametes happens during breeding (Ref. 205).

主要参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | 合作者 | 合作者

Crossman, E.J., 1996. Taxonomy and distribution. p. 1-11. In J.F. Craig (ed.) Pike biology and exploration. Chapman and Hall, London. 298 p. (Ref. 26373)

世界自然保护联盟红皮书 (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

对人类的威胁

 




人类利用

渔业: 商业性; 养殖: 商业性; 游钓鱼种: 是的; 水族馆: 公众的水族馆
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