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Strongylura exilis  (Girard, 1854)

Californian needlefish
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Strongylura exilis   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Strongylura exilis (Californian needlefish)
Strongylura exilis
Picture by Robertson, R.

Classification / Names Nomi Comuni | Sinonimi | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterigi (pesci con pinne raggiate) > Beloniformes (Needle fishes) > Belonidae (Needlefishes)
Etymology: Strongylura: Greek, strongylos = round + Greek, oura = tail (Ref. 45335).

Ambiente / Clima / Range Ecologia

; marino; acqua dolce; salmastro; distribuzione batimetrica 0 - 100 m (Ref. 96339).   Subtropical, preferred ?; 33°N - 15°S, 118°W - 11°W (Ref. 56981)

Distribuzione Stati | Aree FAO | Ecosystems | Presenze | Point map | Introduzioni | Faunafri

Eastern Pacific: San Francisco in California, USA to Peru, including the Galapagos Islands.

Size / Peso / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 91.0 cm TL maschio/sesso non determinato; (Ref. 2850); common length : 50.0 cm SL maschio/sesso non determinato; (Ref. 9279)

Short description Morfologia | Morfometria

Spine dorsali (totale): 0; Raggi dorsali molli (totale): 13-17; Spine anali 0; Raggi anali molli: 16 - 19; Vertebre: 67 - 74. Caudal fin emarginate (Ref. 9279). Branchiostegal rays: 11-12 (Ref. 36575).

Biologia     Glossario (es. epibenthic)

Common in coastal and lagoon areas with mangroves (Ref. 9279). Also found in bays and harbors (Ref. 36575). Penetrate fresh water (Ref. 9279). Adults occur in small schools. Feed mainly on small fishes (Ref. 9279). Oviparous, with neustonic larvae (Ref. 36575). Eggs are attached to vegetation and floating objects via long filaments (Ref. 36575). Usually caught with the help of artificial lights (Ref. 9279). Marketed fresh (Ref. 9279).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturità | Riproduzione | Deposizione | Uova | Fecundity | Larve

Oviparous (Ref. 36575).

Main reference Upload your references | Bibliografia | Coordinatore : Collette, Bruce B. | Collaboratori

Eschmeyer, W.N., E.S. Herald and H. Hammann, 1983. A field guide to Pacific coast fishes of North America. Boston (MA, USA): Houghton Mifflin Company. xii+336 p. (Ref. 2850)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Pesca: scarso interesse commerciale
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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