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Strongylura exilis  (Girard, 1854)

Californian needlefish
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
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Strongylura exilis   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Strongylura exilis (Californian needlefish)
Strongylura exilis
Picture by Robertson, R.

Classification / Names Populärnamn | synonymer | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (strålfeniga fiskar) > Beloniformes (Needle fishes) > Belonidae (Needlefishes)
Etymology: Strongylura: Greek, strongylos = round + Greek, oura = tail (Ref. 45335).

Miljö / Klimat / Range Ekologi

; marina; sötvatten; brackvatten; djupintervall 0 - 100 m (Ref. 96339).   Subtropical, preferred ?; 33°N - 15°S, 118°W - 11°W (Ref. 56981)

Utbredning Länder | FAO områden | Ekosystem | Förekomster | Point map | Utplanteringar | Faunafri

Eastern Pacific: San Francisco in California, USA to Peru, including the Galapagos Islands.

Size / Vikt / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 91.0 cm TL hane/ej könsbestämd; (Ref. 2850); common length : 50.0 cm SL hane/ej könsbestämd; (Ref. 9279)

Short description Morfologi | Morfometri

Taggstrålar i ryggfenan (totalt): 0; Mjukstrålar i ryggfenan (totalt): 13-17; Taggstrålar i analfenan 0; Mjukstrålar i analfenan: 16 - 19; Ryggkotor: 67 - 74. Caudal fin emarginate (Ref. 9279). Branchiostegal rays: 11-12 (Ref. 36575).

Biologi     Ordlista (t.ex. epibenthic)

Common in coastal and lagoon areas with mangroves (Ref. 9279). Also found in bays and harbors (Ref. 36575). Penetrate fresh water (Ref. 9279). Adults occur in small schools. Feed mainly on small fishes (Ref. 9279). Oviparous, with neustonic larvae (Ref. 36575). Eggs are attached to vegetation and floating objects via long filaments (Ref. 36575). Usually caught with the help of artificial lights (Ref. 9279). Marketed fresh (Ref. 9279).

Life cycle and mating behavior Könsmognad | Reproduktion | Lek | Ägg | Fecundity | Larver

Oviparous (Ref. 36575).

Main reference Upload your references | referenser | Koordinator : Collette, Bruce B. | Medarbetare

Eschmeyer, W.N., E.S. Herald and H. Hammann, 1983. A field guide to Pacific coast fishes of North America. Boston (MA, USA): Houghton Mifflin Company. xii+336 p. (Ref. 2850)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fiskeri: mindre kommeriell
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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