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Sander lucioperca  (Linnaeus, 1758)

Pike-perch
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Image of Sander lucioperca (Pike-perch)
Sander lucioperca
Picture by Zienert, S.

رده بندی / Names اسامي عام | مترادف | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

ماهبان شعاع باله > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Percidae (Perches) > Luciopercinae

محيط زيست / آب و هوا _ اقليم / Range بوم شناسي

; آب شيرين; لب شور سطح زی; رود رو (Ref. 51243); تغييرات عمق 2 - 30 m (Ref. 30578), usually 2 - 3 m (Ref. 27368).   Temperate; 6°C - 22°C (Ref. 2059), preferred ?; 67°N - 36°N, 1°W - 75°E

پراكنش كشورها | مناطق سازمان خوار و بار جهاني (FAO) | Ecosystems | ظهور | Point map | معرفي | Faunafri

Europe and Asia: Caspian, Baltic, Black and Aral Sea basins; Elbe (North Sea basin) and Maritza (Aegean basin) drainages. North to about 65° N in Finland. Introduced widely (Ref. 59043). Several countries report adverse ecological impact after introduction (Ref. 1739).

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / سن

Maturity: Lm 36.7, range 28 - 46 cm
Max length : 100.0 cm SL جنس نر / بدون خواص جنسي; (Ref. 59043); common length : 50.0 cm TL جنس نر / بدون خواص جنسي; (Ref. 556); بيشينه وزن گزارش شده: 20.0 kg (Ref. 40476); بيشينه سن گزارش شده: 17 سال ها (Ref. 59043)

توصيف مختصر ريخت شناسي | ريخت ستجي بوسيله انداره گيري

خارهاي باله پشتي (کل): 13 - 20; شعاع نرم باله پشتي (کل): 18-24; خارهاي باله مخرجي 2-3; شعاع نرم باله مخرجي: 10 - 14; مهره ها: 45 - 47. Distinguished from congeners in Europe by the following combination of characters: 1-2 enlarged canine teeth in anterior part of each jaw; second dorsal fin with 18-22½ branched rays; and 80-97 scales on lateral line (Ref. 59043).

زيست شناسي     واژه نامه (بعنوان مثال epibenthic)

Adults inhabit large, turbid rivers and eutrophic lakes, brackish coastal lakes and estuaries. Feed mainly on gregarious, pelagic fishes. They attain first sexual maturity at 3-10 years of age, usually at 4. Undertake short spawning migrations. Individuals foraging in brackish water move to freshwater habitats. Migrations up to 250 km have been recorded. Homing is well developed, even nearby populations may be relatively isolated. Spawn in pairs at dawn or night. Spawning occurs in April-May, exceptional from late February until July, depending on latitude and altitude when temperatures reach 10-14° C on spawning grounds (Ref. 59043). Popularly fished by sport fishers. Its flesh is succulent (Ref. 30578). Utilized fresh or frozen and eaten steamed, broiled and microwaved (Ref. 9988). An individual weighing 19 kg was reportedly caught in 1959 in Starnberger, Bavaria, Germany (Peter Admicka, pers. Comm. E-mail: peter.adamicka@oeaw.ac.at).

Life cycle and mating behavior بلوغ | تولید مثل | تخم ریزی | تخم ها | Fecundity | توزاد ( لارو)

The spawning places are over gravel in moving water (Ref. 205). "Males are territorial and excavate shallow depressions about 50 cm in diameter and 5-10 cm deep in sand or gravel, or among exposed plant roots on which eggs are deposited, usually in turbid water and at 1-3 m depth. Spawn in pairs, at dawn or night. The female remains over the nest while the male circles rapidly around, at about 1 meter from the nest. Then male takes a vertical orientation and both swim around swiftly, and eggs and sperm are released, The female leaves the nest after all eggs are released. The male defends the nest and fans the eggs with his pectorals. Females spawn once a year, laying all the eggs at one time (Ref. 88075). Feeding larvae are positively phototactic and feed on pelagic organisms after they leave the nest for open water" (Ref. 59043).

مآخذ اصلی Upload your references | مراجع | هماهنگ كننده | همكاران

Kottelat, M. and J. Freyhof, 2007. Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Publications Kottelat, Cornol and Freyhof, Berlin. 646 pp. (Ref. 59043)

وضعيت در فهرست قرمز IUCN (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

خطر برای انسان ها

  Potential pest (Ref. 57271)




استفاده انسانی

ماهي گيري – شيلات: تجاري; آبزي پروري: تجاري; ماهي ها ي سرگرم كننده: بله; آكواريوم: آکواریوم عمومی
FAO(آبزي پروري: production, نمايه گونه; ماهي گيري – شيلات: production, نمايه گونه; publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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