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Sander lucioperca  (Linnaeus, 1758)

Pike-perch
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Sander lucioperca
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Classification / Names Tên thường gặp | Các synonym ( Các tên trùng) | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Lớp phụ (Subclass) cá vây tia > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Percidae (Perches) > Luciopercinae

Môi trường / Khí hậu / Phạm vi Sinh thái học

; Nước ngọt; Thuộc về nước lợ Tầng nổi; di cư trong nước ngọt (Ref. 51243); Mức độ sâu 2 - 30 m (Ref. 30578), usually 2 - 3 m (Ref. 27368).   Temperate; 6°C - 22°C (Ref. 2059), preferred ?; 67°N - 36°N, 1°W - 75°E

Sự phân bố Các nước | Các khu vực của FAO | Các hệ sinh thái | Những lần xuất hiện | Point map | Những chỉ dẫn | Faunafri

Europe and Asia: Caspian, Baltic, Black and Aral Sea basins; Elbe (North Sea basin) and Maritza (Aegean basin) drainages. North to about 65° N in Finland. Introduced widely (Ref. 59043). Several countries report adverse ecological impact after introduction (Ref. 1739).

Length at first maturity / Bộ gần gũi / Khối lượng (Trọng lượng) / Age

Maturity: Lm 36.7, range 28 - 46 cm
Max length : 100.0 cm SL con đực/không giới tính; (Ref. 59043); common length : 50.0 cm TL con đực/không giới tính; (Ref. 556); Khối lượng cực đại được công bố: 20.0 kg (Ref. 40476); Tuổi cực đại được báo cáo: 17 các năm (Ref. 59043)

Short description Hình thái học | Sinh trắc học

Các tia vây lưng cứng (tổng cộng): 13 - 20; Các vây lưng mềm (tổng cộng): 18-24; Tia cứng vây hậu môn 2-3; Tia mềm vây hậu môn: 10 - 14; Động vật có xương sống: 45 - 47. Distinguished from congeners in Europe by the following combination of characters: 1-2 enlarged canine teeth in anterior part of each jaw; second dorsal fin with 18-22½ branched rays; and 80-97 scales on lateral line (Ref. 59043).

Sinh học     Tự điển (thí dụ epibenthic)

Adults inhabit large, turbid rivers and eutrophic lakes, brackish coastal lakes and estuaries. Feed mainly on gregarious, pelagic fishes. They attain first sexual maturity at 3-10 years of age, usually at 4. Undertake short spawning migrations. Individuals foraging in brackish water move to freshwater habitats. Migrations up to 250 km have been recorded. Homing is well developed, even nearby populations may be relatively isolated. Spawn in pairs at dawn or night. Spawning occurs in April-May, exceptional from late February until July, depending on latitude and altitude when temperatures reach 10-14° C on spawning grounds (Ref. 59043). Popularly fished by sport fishers. Its flesh is succulent (Ref. 30578). Utilized fresh or frozen and eaten steamed, broiled and microwaved (Ref. 9988). An individual weighing 19 kg was reportedly caught in 1959 in Starnberger, Bavaria, Germany (Peter Admicka, pers. Comm. E-mail: peter.adamicka@oeaw.ac.at).

Life cycle and mating behavior Chín muồi sinh dục | Sự tái sinh sản | Đẻ trứng | Các trứng | Sự sinh sản | Ấu trùng

The spawning places are over gravel in moving water (Ref. 205). "Males are territorial and excavate shallow depressions about 50 cm in diameter and 5-10 cm deep in sand or gravel, or among exposed plant roots on which eggs are deposited, usually in turbid water and at 1-3 m depth. Spawn in pairs, at dawn or night. The female remains over the nest while the male circles rapidly around, at about 1 meter from the nest. Then male takes a vertical orientation and both swim around swiftly, and eggs and sperm are released, The female leaves the nest after all eggs are released. The male defends the nest and fans the eggs with his pectorals. Females spawn once a year, laying all the eggs at one time (Ref. 88075). Feeding larvae are positively phototactic and feed on pelagic organisms after they leave the nest for open water" (Ref. 59043).

Main reference Upload your references | Các tài liệu tham khảo | Người điều phối | Người cộng tác

Kottelat, M. and J. Freyhof, 2007. Handbook of European freshwater fishes. Publications Kottelat, Cornol and Freyhof, Berlin. 646 pp. (Ref. 59043)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Potential pest (Ref. 57271)




Human uses

Các nghề cá: Tính thương mại; Nuôi trồng thủy sản: Tính thương mại; cá để chơi: đúng; Bể nuôi cá: Bể cá công cộng
FAO(Nuôi trồng thủy sản: Sản xuất, species profile; Các nghề cá: Sản xuất, species profile; publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Biển chung quanh ta

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