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Selar crumenophthalmus  (Bloch, 1793)

Bigeye scad
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Selar crumenophthalmus
Picture by Field, R.

klasifikasi / Names Nama-nama umum | Sinonim (persamaan) | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Ikan bertulan sejati > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Carangidae (Jacks and pompanos) > Caranginae
Etymology: Selar: A Malay vernacular name, ikan selar.

Lingkungan / Klimat / Range Ekologi

; laut berasosiasi dengan karang; kisaran kedalaman 0 - 170 m (Ref. 9283), usually 2 - 10 m (Ref. 40849).   Subtropical, preferred 27°C (Ref. 107945); 47°N - 24°S, 180°W - 180°E

Penyebaran Negara-negara | Daerah-daerah FAO | Ecosystems | Kemunculan | Point map | Introduksi | Faunafri

Circumtropical. Indo-Pacific: East Africa (Ref. 3287) to Rapa, north to southern Japan and the Hawaiian Islands, south to New Caledonia. Eastern Pacific: Mexico to Peru, including the Galapagos Islands (Ref. 5530). Western Atlantic: Nova Scotia, Canada and Bermuda through the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean to to São Paulo (Ref. 47377), Brazil. Eastern Atlantic: Cape Verde to southern Angola (Ref. 7097).

Size / Weight / umur

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 70.0 cm TL jantan/; (Ref. 48635)

deskripsi pendek Morfologi | Morfometrik

Duri punggung (Keseluruhan (total)): 9; duri punggung lunak (Keseluruhan (total)): 24-27; Duri dubur 3; Sirip dubur lunak: 21 - 23.

Biologi     Daftar kata (contoh epibenthic)

Adults prefer clear oceanic waters around islands to neritic waters (Ref. 5217). Occasionally in turbid waters (Ref. 9283). Pelagic (Ref. 58302). Individuals travel in compact groups of hundreds of thousands of fish. Mainly nocturnal in habit, they disperse at night to feed on small shrimps, benthic invertebrates, and forams when inshore, and zooplankton and fish larvae when offshore (Ref. 9283, 90102). Marketed fresh and salted or dried (Ref. 9283). Reported to reach 70 cm TL (Ref. 48635).

Life cycle and mating behavior Kematangan | Reproduksi, perkembang biakan | Pemijahan | telur-telur | Fecundity | Larva

rujukan utama Upload your references | Acuan | Koordinator : Smith-Vaniz, William F. | mitra

Smith-Vaniz, W.F., 1995. Carangidae. Jureles, pámpanos, cojinúas, zapateros, cocineros, casabes, macarelas, chicharros, jorobados, medregales, pez pilota. p. 940-986. In W. Fischer, F. Krupp, W. Schneider, C. Sommer, K.E. Carpenter and V. Niem (eds.) Guia FAO para Identification de Especies para lo Fines de la Pesca. Pacifico Centro-Oriental. 3 Vols. FAO, Rome. (Ref. 9283)

Status IUCN Red List (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

ancaman kepada manusia

  Reports of ciguatera poisoning (Ref. 30911)




penggunaan manusia

Perikanan: bernilai komersial tinggi; Ikan buruan: ya; umpan: usually
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