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Sebastes melanops  Girard, 1856

Black rockfish
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Sebastes melanops
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分類 / Names 俗名 | 同種異名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii 輻鰭魚綱 (條鰭魚) > Scorpaeniformes (Scorpionfishes and flatheads) > Sebastidae (Rockfishes, rockcods and thornyheads) > Sebastinae
Etymology: Sebastes: Greek, sebastes = august, venerable (Ref. 45335);  melanops: From the Greek melas and ops meaning 'black' and 'face' (Ref. 27436).   More on author: Girard.

環境 / 氣候 / 範圍 生態學

; 海洋 礁區魚類; 深度上下限 0 - 366 m (Ref. 6885), usually 183 - 274 m (Ref. 6885).    , preferred 10°C (Ref. 107945); 62°N - 22°N, 170°E - 110°W

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Eastern Pacific: Amchitka Island, Aleutian Islands, Alaska to Paradise Cove, Baja California, Mexico.

Length at first maturity / 大小 / 重量 / 年齡

Maturity: Lm 40.2, range 30 - 42 cm
Max length : 63.0 cm TL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 27437); 最大體重: 4.8 kg (Ref. 2850); 最大年齡: 50 年 (Ref. 39247)

簡短描述 型態特徵 | 形態測量圖

背棘 (總數): 13 - 14; 背的軟條 (總數): 13-16; 臀棘 3; 臀鰭軟條: 7 - 9; 脊椎骨: 26. Head spines weak to very weak - nasals present, preocular and postocular spines usually absent, supraocular, tympanic, coronal, parietal and nuchal spines absent (Ref. 27437). Symphyseal knob very weak or absent (Ref. 27437). Eyes moderately large (Ref. 27437). Anal fin profile rounded or with greater portion slanted posteriorly (Ref. 27437). Posterior margin of caudal fin indented (Ref. 27437). Dark grey to black with light grey mottling dorsally, lighter ventrally (Ref. 27437). Branchiostegal rays: 7 (Ref. 36715).

生物學特性     字彙 (例如 epibenthic)

Found near rocky reefs in shallow water and in open water over deep banks (Ref. 2850). Adults live both off and on bottom (Ref. 2850). Juveniles are pelagic (Ref. 36715). Form schools (Ref. 2850). Feed on fishes (Ref. 27302). Viviparous, with planktonic larvae (Ref. 36715). Young are important prey species for other fishes, marine mammals and birds. Excellent food fish (Ref. 27436).

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 產卵場 | | 孕卵數 | 仔魚

Viviparous (Ref. 36715, 34817).

主要參考資料 Upload your references | 參考文獻 | 合作者 | 合作者

Eschmeyer, W.N., E.S. Herald and H. Hammann, 1983. A field guide to Pacific coast fishes of North America. Boston (MA, USA): Houghton Mifflin Company. xii+336 p. (Ref. 2850)

IUCN 瀕危狀態 (Ref. 115185)

  未評估 

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

對人類具威脅

 




人類使用

漁業: 低經濟; 游釣魚種: 是的; 水族館: 公眾的水族館
FAO(漁業: 產生; publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | 周邊海洋

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