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Sebastes melanops  Girard, 1856

Black rockfish
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Image of Sebastes melanops (Black rockfish)
Sebastes melanops
Picture by Lonhart, S.I.

分类 / Names 俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii 辐鳍鱼纲 (条鳍鱼) > Scorpaeniformes (Scorpionfishes and flatheads) > Sebastidae (Rockfishes, rockcods and thornyheads) > Sebastinae
Etymology: Sebastes: Greek, sebastes = august, venerable (Ref. 45335);  melanops: From the Greek melas and ops meaning 'black' and 'face' (Ref. 27436).   More on author: Girard.

环境 / 气候 / 范围 生态学

; 海洋 礁区鱼类; 深度上下限 0 - 366 m (Ref. 6885), usually 183 - 274 m (Ref. 6885).    , preferred 10°C (Ref. 107945); 62°N - 22°N, 170°E - 110°W

分布 国家 | FAO区域 | 生态系 | 标本纪录 | Point map | 简介 | Faunafri

Eastern Pacific: Amchitka Island, Aleutian Islands, Alaska to Paradise Cove, Baja California, Mexico.

Length at first maturity / 大小 / 重量 / 年龄

Maturity: Lm 40.2, range 30 - 42 cm
Max length : 63.0 cm TL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 27437); 最大体重: 4.8 kg (Ref. 2850); 最大年龄: 50 年 (Ref. 39247)

简单描述 型态特徵 | 形态测量图

背棘 (总数): 13 - 14; 背的软条 (总数): 13-16; 臀棘 3; 臀鳍软条: 7 - 9; 脊椎骨: 26. Head spines weak to very weak - nasals present, preocular and postocular spines usually absent, supraocular, tympanic, coronal, parietal and nuchal spines absent (Ref. 27437). Symphyseal knob very weak or absent (Ref. 27437). Eyes moderately large (Ref. 27437). Anal fin profile rounded or with greater portion slanted posteriorly (Ref. 27437). Posterior margin of caudal fin indented (Ref. 27437). Dark grey to black with light grey mottling dorsally, lighter ventrally (Ref. 27437). Branchiostegal rays: 7 (Ref. 36715).

生物学特性     字汇 (例如 epibenthic)

Found near rocky reefs in shallow water and in open water over deep banks (Ref. 2850). Adults live both off and on bottom (Ref. 2850). Juveniles are pelagic (Ref. 36715). Form schools (Ref. 2850). Feed on fishes (Ref. 27302). Viviparous, with planktonic larvae (Ref. 36715). Young are important prey species for other fishes, marine mammals and birds. Excellent food fish (Ref. 27436).

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼

Viviparous (Ref. 36715, 34817).

主要参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | 合作者 | 合作者

Eschmeyer, W.N., E.S. Herald and H. Hammann, 1983. A field guide to Pacific coast fishes of North America. Boston (MA, USA): Houghton Mifflin Company. xii+336 p. (Ref. 2850)

世界自然保护联盟红皮书 (Ref. 115185)

  不评价 

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

对人类的威胁

 




人类利用

渔业: 低经济; 游钓鱼种: 是的; 水族馆: 公众的水族馆
FAO(渔业: 产生; publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | 周边海洋

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