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Lactophrys bicaudalis  (Linnaeus, 1758)

Spotted trunkfish
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Lactophrys bicaudalis   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Lactophrys bicaudalis (Spotted trunkfish)
Lactophrys bicaudalis
Picture by Patzner, R.

Classification / Names Populärnamn | synonymer | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (strålfeniga fiskar) > Tetraodontiformes (Puffers and filefishes) > Ostraciidae (Boxfishes)
Etymology: Lactophrys: Latin, concerned with milk + Greek, ophrys = eyebrow (Ref. 45335).

Miljö / Klimat / Range Ekologi

; marina revassocierade; djupintervall 3 - 50 m (Ref. 11227).   Subtropical, preferred ?; 30°N - 33°S

Utbredning Länder | FAO områden | Ekosystem | Förekomster | Point map | Utplanteringar | Faunafri

Western Atlantic: Florida (USA), Bahamas, and southern Gulf of Mexico to Brazil. Eastern Atlantic: Ascension Island (Ref. 3696).

Size / Vikt / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 48.0 cm TL hane/ej könsbestämd; (Ref. 7251); common length : 20.0 cm TL hane/ej könsbestämd; (Ref. 5217)

Short description Morfologi | Morfometri

Whitish with numerous small black spots on carapace, caudal peduncle and caudal fin; lips whitish; bases of dorsal, anal and pectoral fins blackish; large adults with black spots missing from three small areas in a diagonal row anteriorly on body at level of eye, appearing as three white spots (Ref. 13442).

Biologi     Ordlista (t.ex. epibenthic)

Found in clear water around coral reefs. Sometimes under ledges and near small holes (Ref. 9710). Feeds on a variety of small bottom invertebrates such as mollusks, crustaceans, starfishes, sea urchins, sea cucumbers, sessile tunicates, sea grasses (Ref. 3696), algae, crabs and brittle stars (Ref. 13442). Toxins released when excited kills other fishes (Ref. 5521). Probably marketed fresh locally (Ref. 3696).

Life cycle and mating behavior Könsmognad | Reproduktion | Lek | Ägg | Fecundity | Larver

Main reference Upload your references | referenser | Koordinator : Matsuura, Keiichi | Medarbetare

Robins, C.R. and G.C. Ray, 1986. A field guide to Atlantic coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 354 p. (Ref. 7251)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Reports of ciguatera poisoning (Ref. 30911)




Human uses

Akvarium: Kommersiell
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

Ytterligare information

Länder
FAO områden
Ekosystem
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Födoslag
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Näringsinnehåll
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synonymer
Metabolik
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Fecundity
Ägg
Egg development
Age/Size
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Length-weight
Length-length
Length-frequencies
Morfometri
Morfologi
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referenser
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