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Gambusia holbrooki  Girard, 1859

Eastern mosquitofish
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Image of Gambusia holbrooki (Eastern mosquitofish)
Gambusia holbrooki
Female picture by Delgado Saez, J.A.

分类 / Names 俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii 辐鳍鱼纲 (条鳍鱼) > Cyprinodontiformes (Rivulines, killifishes and live bearers) > Poeciliidae (Poeciliids) > Poeciliinae
Etymology: Gambusia: Gambusia: From the Cuban term, Gambusino, which means "nothing", usually in the context of a joke or a farce. Fishing for gambusinos = when one catches nothing (Ref. 45335).   More on author: Girard.

环境 / 气候 / 范围 生态学

; 淡水; 半咸淡水 底中水层性; pH range: 6.0 - 8.8; dH range: ? - 40; 河川洄游 (Ref. 51243).    15°C - 35°C (Ref. 13371), preferred ?; 40°N - 31°N, 89°W - 74°W

分布 国家 | FAO区域 | 生态系 | 标本纪录 | Point map | 简介 | Faunafri

North America: Atlantic and Gulf Slope drainages from New Jersey south to Alabama in USA (Ref. 5723). Introduced to many countries for mosquito control, but had rare to non-existing effects on mosquitoes, and negative to perhaps neutral impact on native fishes (Ref. 12217). Established throughout southern Europe; introduced worldwide in tropical and subtropical countries (Ref. 59043).

大小 / 重量 / 年龄

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 4.7 cm TL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 59105); 8.0 cm TL (female)

简单描述 型态特徵 | 形态测量图

背棘 (总数): 1; 背的软条 (总数): 7; 臀棘 1; 臀鳍软条: 9

生物学特性     字汇 (例如 epibenthic)

Adults occur in standing to slow-flowing water, mostly in vegetated ponds and lakes, backwaters and quiet pools of steams (Ref. 5723), typically seen shoaling at the edges (Ref. 44894). They also frequent brackish water (Ref. 5723). Adults feed on small terrestrial insects usually in the drift and amongst aquatic plants, actively selecting very small prey (Ref. 6154). Also observed to take in mosquito larvae (Ref. 41168). Introduced worldwide. Introductions to Europe have seriously threatened many endemic species (Ref. 59043). It is now widely accepted that their effect has been minimal and even may have exacerbated the problem due to their voracious appetite for natural invertebrate predators of mosquito larvae (Ref. 44894).

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼

Matures at 4-6 weeks; 3 generations can be produced in one year. Gestation lasts 3-4 weeks. Brood may reach up to 354 young, but is generally around 40-60 (Ref. 1672, 59043).

主要参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | 合作者 | 合作者

Page, L.M. and B.M. Burr, 1991. A field guide to freshwater fishes of North America north of Mexico. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston. 432 p. (Ref. 5723)

世界自然保护联盟红皮书 (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

对人类的威胁

  (Ref. 12257)




人类利用

水族馆: 商业性
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | 周边海洋

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