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Tautoga onitis  (Linnaeus, 1758)

Tautog
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Tautoga onitis
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Classificatie / Names Populaire namen | Synoniemen | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (Straalvinnigen) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Labridae (Wrasses)
Etymology: Tautoga: Plural of the word "taut", an Indian Brazil name translated by Roger William from f the Narragansett, "tautauog" = sheepshead.

Omgeving / Klimaat / Range Ecologie

; marien; brakwater rifbewoner; diepteverspreiding 1 - 75 m.   Subtropical, preferred 12°C (Ref. 107945); 46°N - 31°N, 81°W - 58°W

Verspreiding Landen | FAO regio's | Ecosystems | Voorkomen | Point map | Introducties | Faunafri

Western Atlantic: slightly east of Halifax in Nova Scotia, Canada to South Carolina in USA; most abundant between Cape Cod and Delaware Bay.

Length at first maturity / Size / Gewicht / Leeftijd

Maturity: Lm ?, range 18 - 26.5 cm
Max length : 91.0 cm TL mannelijk/geslacht niet bekend; (Ref. 7251); Maximaal gepubliceerd gewicht: 11.3 kg (Ref. 40637); Maximaal vermelde leeftijd: 34 jaren (Ref. 6486)

Korte beschrijving Morfologie | Morfometrie

Dorsale stekels (totaal): 16 - 17; Dorsale zachte stralen (totaal): 10; Anale stekels 3; Anale zachte stralen: 7 - 8. Distinguished from Tautogolabrus adspersus which occurs in the same area and further north, by its steep, rounded dorsal head profile; stouter body; scaled lower gill cover; and the more backward location of the pelvic fins.

Biologie     Verklarende woordenlijst (b.v. epibenthic)

Found close to shore on hard-bottom habitats, occasionally entering brackish water. Adult male territorial and active during the day to feed and rests in crevices at night. Prefers temperatures above 10°C. Spawning was noted in June-July in Canadian waters, but appears more protracted (April-July) in coastal waters of Virginia, USA. Feeds mainly on mussels, gastropods, other mollusks and crustaceans. This species has gained popularity as a prized food and sport fish (Ref. 6486, 4926, 41297). Investigation on the diel and seasonal activity patterns of the adult tautog in its southern range were conducted using ultrasonic telemetry (Ref. 41297).

Life cycle and mating behavior Geslachtsrijpheid | Voortplanting | Kuitschieten | Eieren | Fecundity | Larven

Spawns in groups or in pairs. Pairing occurs between females and size-dominant males exhibiting strong territoriality and performing a protracted courtship (Ref. 6488). Gonochorism is confirmed for this species (Ref. 103751).

Voornaamste referentie Upload your references | Referenties | Coördinator : Westneat, Mark | Medewerkers

Leim, A.H. and W.B. Scott, 1966. Fishes of the Atlantic coast of Canada. Bull. Fish. Res. Board Can. (155):485 p. (Ref. 4926)

Status op de Rode Lijst van het IUCN (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Gevaarlijk voor mensen

  Harmless




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