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Tautoga onitis  (Linnaeus, 1758)

Tautog
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Tautoga onitis
Picture by Flescher, D.

Classification / Names Noms communs | Synonymes | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinoptérygiens (poissons à nageoires rayonnées) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Labridae (Wrasses)
Etymology: Tautoga: Plural of the word "taut", an Indian Brazil name translated by Roger William from f the Narragansett, "tautauog" = sheepshead.

Environnement / Climat / Gamme Écologie

; marin; saumâtre récifal; profondeur 1 - 75 m.   Subtropical, preferred 12°C (Ref. 107945); 46°N - 31°N, 81°W - 58°W

Distribution Pays | Zones FAO | Écosystèmes | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Western Atlantic: slightly east of Halifax in Nova Scotia, Canada to South Carolina in USA; most abundant between Cape Cod and Delaware Bay.

Length at first maturity / Taille / Poids / Âge

Maturity: Lm ?, range 18 - 26.5 cm
Max length : 91.0 cm TL mâle / non sexé; (Ref. 7251); poids max. publié: 11.3 kg (Ref. 40637); âge max. reporté: 34 années (Ref. 6486)

Description synthétique Morphologie | Morphométrie

Épines dorsales (Total): 16 - 17; Rayons mous dorsaux (Total): 10; Épines anales 3; Rayons mous anaux: 7 - 8. Distinguished from Tautogolabrus adspersus which occurs in the same area and further north, by its steep, rounded dorsal head profile; stouter body; scaled lower gill cover; and the more backward location of the pelvic fins.

Biologie     Glossaire (ex. epibenthic)

Found close to shore on hard-bottom habitats, occasionally entering brackish water. Adult male territorial and active during the day to feed and rests in crevices at night. Prefers temperatures above 10°C. Spawning was noted in June-July in Canadian waters, but appears more protracted (April-July) in coastal waters of Virginia, USA. Feeds mainly on mussels, gastropods, other mollusks and crustaceans. This species has gained popularity as a prized food and sport fish (Ref. 6486, 4926, 41297). Investigation on the diel and seasonal activity patterns of the adult tautog in its southern range were conducted using ultrasonic telemetry (Ref. 41297).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturité | Reproduction | Frai | Œufs | Fécondité | Larves

Spawns in groups or in pairs. Pairing occurs between females and size-dominant males exhibiting strong territoriality and performing a protracted courtship (Ref. 6488). Gonochorism is confirmed for this species (Ref. 103751).

Référence principale Upload your references | Références | Coordinateur : Westneat, Mark | Collaborateurs

Leim, A.H. and W.B. Scott, 1966. Fishes of the Atlantic coast of Canada. Bull. Fish. Res. Board Can. (155):485 p. (Ref. 4926)

Statut dans la liste rouge de l'IUCN (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Menace pour l'homme

  Harmless




Utilisations par l'homme

Pêcheries: intérêt commercial mineur; pêche sportive: oui; Aquarium: Aquariums publics
FAO(pêcheries: production; publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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