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Macropodus opercularis  (Linnaeus, 1758)

Paradisefish
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Macropodus opercularis
Picture by Liao, T.-Y.

Classification / Names Noms communs | Synonymes | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinoptérygiens (poissons à nageoires rayonnées) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Osphronemidae (Gouramies) > Macropodusinae
Etymology: Macropodus: Greek, makros = great + Greek, pous, podos = foot (Ref. 45335).

Environnement / Climat / Gamme Écologie

; eau douce pélagique; pH range: 6.0 - 8.0; dH range: 5 - 19.   Tropical; 16°C - 26°C (Ref. 1672), preferred ?; 30°N - 20°N, 102°E - 122°E

Distribution Pays | Zones FAO | Écosystèmes | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Asia: China, from Yangtze basin to the south, on Hainan Island, in Taiwan, north Viet Nam; introduced to the tropical and subtropical world (Ref. 42924). Very popular with aquarists and has been widely transported around the world.

Taille / Poids / Âge

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 6.7 cm SL mâle / non sexé; (Ref. 43281); common length : 5.5 cm TL mâle / non sexé; (Ref. 12193)

Description synthétique Morphologie | Morphométrie

Épines dorsales (Total): 11 - 17; Rayons mous dorsaux (Total): 5-10; Épines anales 7-22; Rayons mous anaux: 9 - 15; Vertèbres: 27 - 29. Caudal fin forked, both lobes elongate in males (Ref. 559), with filamentous extension in each lobe (Ref. 43281); lower margin of preorbital sharply serrated (Ref. 559); conspicuous dark brown opercular spot with whitish posterior margin (margin red in life); body with 7-11 bold, dark bars on pale yellowish background in preserved specimens (blue bars on reddish background in life); dark stripe crossing eye connecting opercular spot with eye; top of head and predorsal body with dark spots; posterior tip or margin of scales on body not darker than scales (Ref. 42924).

Biologie     Glossaire (ex. epibenthic)

Adults inhabit any kind of lowland habitats from heterogeneous structured margins or backwaters of large rivers to small streams and irrigation channels on farmland (Ref. 42924). Can colonize stagnant water bodies with very low oxygen content (air breather). Found in streams, paddy fields and ditches (Ref. 5258). Feed on small aquatic animals including small fish. First ornamental fish to be brought to Europe (France 1869, Germany 1876) after the goldfish (Ref. 13371). Males will fight each other (Ref. 1672). Aquarium keeping: minimum aquarium size 80 cm (Ref. 51539).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturité | Reproduction | Frai | Œufs | Fécondité | Larves

The species is a bubble-nest builder; the male swims to the surface, draws a little air into his mouth and envelops it in a film of saliva thereby forming bubbles; upon building the nest, the male drives the female towards it; female spawns then male follows; male picks up the fertilized eggs in his mouth and pushes one by one into each bubble of the nest; male guards eggs until hatching (Ref. 5258). Produces up to 500 eggs (Ref. 1672).

Référence principale Upload your references | Références | Coordinateur | Collaborateurs

Freyhof, J. and F. Herder, 2002. Review of the paradise fishes of the genus Macropodus in Vietnam, with description of two species from Vietnam and southern China (Perciformes: Osphronemidae). Ichthyol. Explor. Freshwat. 13(2):147-167. (Ref. 42924)

Statut dans la liste rouge de l'IUCN (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Menace pour l'homme

  Harmless




Utilisations par l'homme

Pêcheries: sans intérêt; Aquarium: Commercial
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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Noms communs
Synonymes
Métabolisme
Prédateurs
Écotoxicologie
Reproduction
Maturité
Frai
Fécondité
Œufs
Développement de l'œuf
Taille/Âge
Croissance
Longueur-poids
Longueur-longueur
Fréquences de longueurs
Morphométrie
Morphologie
Larves
Dynamique des populations larvaires
Recrutement
Abondance
Références
Aquaculture
Profil d'aquaculture
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