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Sargocentron punctatissimum  (Cuvier, 1829)

Speckled squirrelfish
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
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Sargocentron punctatissimum   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Sargocentron punctatissimum (Speckled squirrelfish)
Sargocentron punctatissimum
Picture by Randall, J.E.

Classification / Names Nomi Comuni | Sinonimi | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterigi (pesci con pinne raggiate) > Beryciformes (Sawbellies) > Holocentridae (Squirrelfishes, soldierfishes) > Holocentrinae
Etymology: Sargocentron: Greek, sargos = sargus + Greek, kentron = sting (Ref. 45335).

Ambiente / Clima / Range Ecologia

; marino associati a barriera corallina; distribuzione batimetrica 0 - 183 m (Ref. 9710), usually 1 - 30 m (Ref. 9710).   Tropical, preferred ?; 32°N - 28°S

Distribuzione Stati | Aree FAO | Ecosystems | Presenze | Point map | Introduzioni | Faunafri

Indo-Pacific: Red Sea and Algoa Bay, South Africa (Ref. 4201) to the Hawaiian and Easter islands, north to southern Japan and the Ogasawara Islands, south to northern Australia and the Austral Islands.

Size / Peso / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 23.0 cm TL maschio/sesso non determinato; (Ref. 30874)

Short description Morfologia | Morfometria

Spine dorsali (totale): 11; Raggi dorsali molli (totale): 12-14; Spine anali 4; Raggi anali molli: 8 - 9. Body reddish silver, iridescent bluish above; scales finely dotted with black; spinous dorsal silvery white, with broad red margin (Ref. 4201). Five oblique scale rows on cheek; body depth 2.7-3.15 in SL; head length (HL) 2.75-3.1 in SL; snout length 4.0-4.65 in HL; interorbital width 3.6-4.05 in HL; small mouth terminal to slightly inferior, maxilla reaching from below front of iris to below center of eye, upper jaw length 2.7-3.15 in HL; premaxillary groove reaching to about a vertical at the front edge of orbit; anterior end of nasal bone rounded; medial margin of nasal bone without spinule; small nasal fossa without spinules on its edge; upper edge of suborbital bone below the eye weakly serrated, spineless laterally; short preopercular spine 1/2-3/4 orbit diameter, 4.75-6.45 in HL; 3rd-5th dorsal spine longest 2.0-2.3 in HL; 3rd anal spine 1.2-1.55 in HL (Ref. 27370).

Biologia     Glossario (es. epibenthic)

Inhabits surge-swept tunnels and crevices of the reef margin and reef front. Rarely occurs below 30 m, but has been observed at depths of 101 to 183 m in the Hawaiian Islands (Ref. 1602); majority of specimens collected in less than 3 m, often in tide pools (Ref. 27370). Benthopelagic (Ref. 58302). It disperses at night over sand flats and open reef bottom to feed on small crustaceans, crustacean larvae, and polychaete worms. Spine of preopercle venomous. Minimum depth reported taken from Ref. 30874.

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturità | Riproduzione | Deposizione | Uova | Fecundity | Larve

Main reference Upload your references | Bibliografia | Coordinatore : Randall, John E. | Collaboratori

Randall, J.E., 1998. Revision of the Indo-Pacific squirrelfishes (Beryciformes: Holocentridae: Holocentrinae) of the genus Sargocentron, with descriptions of four new species. Indo-Pac. Fish. (27):105 p. (Ref. 27370)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Venomous (Ref. 2334)




Human uses

Acquario: Commerciale
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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