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Hyperoglyphe antarctica  (Carmichael, 1819)

Bluenose warehou
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Hyperoglyphe antarctica
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分類 / Names 俗名 | 同種異名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii 輻鰭魚綱 (條鰭魚) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Centrolophidae (Medusafishes)
Etymology: Hyperoglyphe: Greek, hyper = over + Greek, glyphis = carved (Ref. 45335).

環境 / 氣候 / 範圍 生態學

; 海洋 底中水層性; 深度上下限 40 - 1500 m (Ref. 52180), usually 260 - 490 m (Ref. 52180).    , preferred 14°C (Ref. 107945); 19°S - 55°S, 67°W - 173°W

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Southwest Atlantic: Argentina. Southeast Atlantic and Western Indian Ocean: South Africa. Southwest Pacific: New Zealand and Australia (including Western Australia).

Length at first maturity / 大小 / 重量 / 年齡

Maturity: Lm ?, range 61 - ? cm
Max length : 140 cm TL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 9563); common length : 60.0 cm TL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 52180); 最大體重: 63.0 kg (Ref. 54802); 最大年齡: 15 年 (Ref. 9072)

簡短描述 型態特徵 | 形態測量圖

背棘 (總數): 7 - 8; 背的軟條 (總數): 19-21; 臀棘 3; 臀鰭軟條: 15 - 17. Uniformly dark to black.

生物學特性     字彙 (例如 epibenthic)

Most common over or near rocky areas at 100-300 m (Ref. 9258). Generally, blue eye remain close to the sea bed during the day and move up in the water column at night, following concentrations of food (Ref. 6390). The fish are found over rough ground and at the edges of canyons and steep drop-offs. Blue eye appear to prefer cold water as part of their general behavior (Ref. 6390). Juveniles inhabit surface waters, sometimes in association with floating debris (Ref. 6390). Feed primarily on the pelagic tunicate Pyrosoma atlantica which is found near the sea bed during the day but dispersed throughout the water column at night (Ref. 7129, 30454). They also feed on squid, mollusks and crustaceans (Ref. 30455, 30454) and fish ranging from small lanternfish (Myctophidae) to large fish such as gemfish (Rexea solandri). Juveniles consume small planktonic and sedentary organisms (Ref. 30456). Marketed fresh and frozen; exported to Japan for sashimi; eaten steamed, fried, broiled and baked (Ref. 9988).

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 產卵場 | | 孕卵數 | 仔魚

In Australia, spawning appears to be correlated with water temperature and nutrient upwellings (Ref. 7129). It appears that mature fish move up the continental slope into shallow depths (320-400 m) and aggregate in specific grounds for spawning (Ref. 6390). There is no information on the number of eggs blue eye produce nor on the egg and larval stages of their life history (Ref. 6390).

主要參考資料 Upload your references | 參考文獻 | 合作者 | 合作者

Haedrich, R.L., 1986. Stromateidae. p. 842-846. In M.M. Smith and P.C. Heemstra (eds.) Smiths' sea fishes. Springer-Verlag, Berlin. (Ref. 4410)

IUCN 瀕危狀態 (Ref. 115185)

  未評估 

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

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