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Melamphaes macrocephalus  Parr, 1931

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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
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Melamphaes macrocephalus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Melamphaes macrocephalus
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Classification / Names Populärnamn | synonymer | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (strålfeniga fiskar) > Stephanoberyciformes (Pricklefishes, bigscales and gibberfishes) > Melamphaidae (Bigscale fishes or ridgeheads)
Etymology: Melamphaes: Greek, melan, -anos = black + Greek, amphi = both side (Ref. 45335).

Miljö / Klimat / Range Ekologi

; marina batypelagisk; djupintervall 62 - 500 m (Ref. 51657).   Deep-water, preferred ?; 30°N - 23°S, 120°W - 130°W (Ref. 87970)

Utbredning Länder | FAO områden | Ekosystem | Förekomster | Point map | Utplanteringar | Faunafri

Eastern Pacific Ocean: tropical, endemic to ETP, from the California coast (ca. 30°N) down to northern Chilean coast (ca. 23°S).

Size / Vikt / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 12.8 cm SL hane/ej könsbestämd; (Ref. 87970)

Short description Morfologi | Morfometri

Taggstrålar i ryggfenan (totalt): 3; Mjukstrålar i ryggfenan (totalt): 13-16; Taggstrålar i analfenan 1; Mjukstrålar i analfenan: 8; Ryggkotor: 27 - 28. The species is characterized by the following: large head (more than 40% of SL, specimens of SL ? 100.0 mm); first gill arch with 20-22 rakers; total vertebrae 26-28, 11 abdominal; haemal arch of the first caudal vertebra is without a spur; D III,13-16; P14-15; ventral fin with 7 soft rays; ventral fin starts before the vertical line of the posterior margin of the pectoral fin basement; anal fin starts under the vertical line of the 3-4 ray of the dorsal fin (posterior end); operculum with 4 scales (Ref. 87970).

Biologi     Ordlista (t.ex. epibenthic)

Adults caught below 400-500 meters; juveniles in shallower water (Ref. 51657). Specimens were sampled by open-mouth nets at depth range of 1500-0 m; the minimal sampling depth was 62 m (individuals with SL = 12.7-13.3 mm) (Ref. 87970).

Life cycle and mating behavior Könsmognad | Reproduktion | Lek | Ägg | Fecundity | Larver

Main reference Upload your references | referenser | Koordinator | Medarbetare

Kotlyar, A.N., 2011. Revision of genus Melamphaes (Melamphaidae). II. Multi-raker species: M. polylepis, M. falsidicus sp. nova, M. pachystomus sp. nova, M. macrocephalus, M. leprus. J. Ichthyol. 51(8):658-661. (Ref. 87970)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




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