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Stolephorus indicus  (van Hasselt, 1823)

Indian anchovy
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Stolephorus indicus
Picture by Ratmuangkhwang, S.

分類 / Names 俗名 | 同種異名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii 輻鰭魚綱 (條鰭魚) > Clupeiformes (Herrings) > Engraulidae (Anchovies) > Engraulinae
Etymology: Stolephorus: Greek, stole, -es = garment + Greek, pherein = to carry (Ref. 45335).

環境 / 氣候 / 範圍 生態學

; 海洋; 半鹹淡水; 海洋洄游的; 深度上下限 20 - 50 m (Ref. 28016).    , preferred ?; 30°N - 37°S, 23°E - 144°W (Ref. 189)

分布 國家 | FAO區域 | 生態系 | 發現紀錄 | Point map | 簡介 | Faunafri

Indo-Pacific: Red Sea and South Africa, including the Persian Gulf, Madagascar and Mauritius eastward to Hong Kong, the Arafura Sea (Ref. 9819), northern and eastern coasts of Australia and further east to Samoa and Tahiti.

Length at first maturity / 大小 / 重量 / 年齡

Maturity: Lm 9.0, range 12 - ? cm
Max length : 15.5 cm SL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 30573); common length : 12.0 cm SL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 30573)

簡短描述 型態特徵 | 形態測量圖

背棘 (總數): 0; 背的軟條 (總數): 15-17; 臀棘 0; 臀鰭軟條: 18 - 21. Belly with 2 to 6 small needle-like pre-pelvic scutes. Maxilla tip pointed, reaching to or only just beyond front border of pre-operculum; hind border of pre-operculum convex, rounded. Isthmus muscle tapering evenly forward to hind border of branchial membrane. Body light transparent fleshy brown, with silver stripe down flank; no dark pigment lines on back between head and dorsal fin.

生物學特性     字彙 (例如 epibenthic)

A schooling species occurring in coastal waters and which appears to enter at least the estuarine parts of rivers and to tolerate brackish water. Cpastal pelagic (Ref. 68964). Feeds most likely on zooplankton, but more data needed. In Manila Bay, the Philippines, it migrates out into deeper and more saline water to spawn, returning inshore immediately thereafter. Processed into nuoc-man (fish pickle) in Indo-China (Ref. 4929). Used as bait in the tuna fishery in the South Pacific, although said to be fragile. Also Ref. 58652.

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 產卵場 | | 孕卵數 | 仔魚

In Manila Bay, migrates out into deeper and more saline water to breed (at about 9 cm SL and above), returning immediately thereafter.

主要參考資料 Upload your references | 參考文獻 | 合作者 | 合作者

Whitehead, P.J.P., G.J. Nelson and T. Wongratana, 1988. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 7. Clupeoid fishes of the world (Suborder Clupeoidei). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the herrings, sardines, pilchards, sprats, shads, anchovies and wolf-herrings. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(7/2):305-579. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 189)

IUCN 瀕危狀態 (Ref. 115185)

  未評估 

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

對人類具威脅

 




人類使用

漁業: 低經濟; 誘餌: occasionally
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | 周邊海洋

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