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Stolephorus indicus  (van Hasselt, 1823)

Indian anchovy
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Image of Stolephorus indicus (Indian anchovy)
Stolephorus indicus
Picture by Ratmuangkhwang, S.

Classificação / Names Nomes comuns | Sinônimos | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (peixes com raios nas barbatanas) > Clupeiformes (Herrings) > Engraulidae (Anchovies) > Engraulinae
Etymology: Stolephorus: Greek, stole, -es = garment + Greek, pherein = to carry (Ref. 45335).

Ambiente / Clima / Intervalo Ecologia

; marinhas; estuarina; oceanódromos; intervalo de profundidade 20 - 50 m (Ref. 28016).   Tropical, preferred ?; 30°N - 37°S, 23°E - 144°W (Ref. 189)

Distribuição Países | Áreas FAO | Ecossistemas | Ocorrências | Point map | Introduções | Faunafri

Indo-Pacific: Red Sea and South Africa, including the Persian Gulf, Madagascar and Mauritius eastward to Hong Kong, the Arafura Sea (Ref. 9819), northern and eastern coasts of Australia and further east to Samoa and Tahiti.

Length at first maturity / Tamanho / Peso / Idade

Maturity: Lm 9.0, range 12 - ? cm
Max length : 15.5 cm SL macho/indeterminado; (Ref. 30573); common length : 12.0 cm SL macho/indeterminado; (Ref. 30573)

Descrição suscinta Morfologia | Morfometria

Espinhos dorsais (total): 0; Raios dorsais (total): 15-17; Espinhos anais 0; Raios anais : 18 - 21. Belly with 2 to 6 small needle-like pre-pelvic scutes. Maxilla tip pointed, reaching to or only just beyond front border of pre-operculum; hind border of pre-operculum convex, rounded. Isthmus muscle tapering evenly forward to hind border of branchial membrane. Body light transparent fleshy brown, with silver stripe down flank; no dark pigment lines on back between head and dorsal fin.

Biologia     Glossário (p.ex. epibenthic)

A schooling species occurring in coastal waters and which appears to enter at least the estuarine parts of rivers and to tolerate brackish water. Cpastal pelagic (Ref. 68964). Feeds most likely on zooplankton, but more data needed. In Manila Bay, the Philippines, it migrates out into deeper and more saline water to spawn, returning inshore immediately thereafter. Processed into nuoc-man (fish pickle) in Indo-China (Ref. 4929). Used as bait in the tuna fishery in the South Pacific, although said to be fragile. Also Ref. 58652.

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturidade | Reprodução | Desova | Ovos | Fecundidade | Larvas

In Manila Bay, migrates out into deeper and more saline water to breed (at about 9 cm SL and above), returning immediately thereafter.

Referência principal Upload your references | Referências | Coordenador | Colaboradores

Whitehead, P.J.P., G.J. Nelson and T. Wongratana, 1988. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 7. Clupeoid fishes of the world (Suborder Clupeoidei). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the herrings, sardines, pilchards, sprats, shads, anchovies and wolf-herrings. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(7/2):305-579. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 189)

Status na Lista Vermelha da IUCN (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Perigo para os humanos

  Harmless




Uso pelos humanos

Pescarias: pouco comercial; isca: occasionally
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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