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Sargocentron microstoma  (Günther, 1859)

Smallmouth squirrelfish
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Sargocentron microstoma   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Sargocentron microstoma (Smallmouth squirrelfish)
Sargocentron microstoma
Picture by Randall, J.E.

Classificatie / Names Populaire namen | Synoniemen | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (Straalvinnigen) > Beryciformes (Sawbellies) > Holocentridae (Squirrelfishes, soldierfishes) > Holocentrinae
Etymology: Sargocentron: Greek, sargos = sargus + Greek, kentron = sting (Ref. 45335).

Omgeving / Klimaat / Range Ecologie

; marien rifbewoner; diepteverspreiding 1 - 183 m (Ref. 1602), usually 1 - 35 m (Ref. 58302).   Tropical, preferred ?; 35°N - 25°S

Verspreiding Landen | FAO regio's | Ecosystems | Voorkomen | Point map | Introducties | Faunafri

Indo-Pacific: Chagos Archipelago, Astove in Seychelles, and Maldives to the Hawaiian, Line, and Tuamoto Islands, north to the Ryukyu and Bonin Islands, south to Austral Islands; throughout Micronesia.

Size / Gewicht / Leeftijd

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 20.0 cm TL mannelijk/geslacht niet bekend; (Ref. 4201)

Korte beschrijving Morfologie | Morfometrie

Dorsale stekels (totaal): 11; Dorsale zachte stralen (totaal): 12-14; Anale stekels 4; Anale zachte stralen: 9 - 10. Body with red and white stripes of different widths; head reddish above, silvery below; faint red band from eye to angle of preopercle; spinous dorsal white, with a submarginal zone of red (Ref. 4201). Five oblique scale rows on cheek; body moderately elongated, depth 2.9-3.5 in SL; head length (HL) 2.8-3.4 in SL; snout length 3.9-4.35 in HL; interorbital width 4.15-4.5 in HL; maxillary reaching to about below front of iris, upper jaw length 2.85-3.15 in HL; premaxillary groove reaching to about a vertical at the front edge of orbit; anterior end of nasal bone rounded; 1-2 spinules at medial margin of nasal bone; small nasal fossa without spinules on its edge (except a 16.3 cm specimen from the Society Islands with 1 spinule); upper edge of suborbital bone weakly serrated, spineless laterally; short preopercular spine 1/4-1/3 orbit diameter, 6.15-7.95 in HL; 3rd-5th dorsal spine longest 1.5-1.95 in HL; extremely long 3rd anal spine 1.0-1.2 in HL (Ref. 27370).

Biologie     Verklarende woordenlijst (b.v. epibenthic)

Inhabits virtually all coral reef zones (Ref. 1602). Benthopelagic in or near crevices and holes (Ref. 58302). Common in thickets of staghorn Acropora or in large Pocillopora heads (Ref. 1602). Feeds on small crustaceans, worms, and fishes during the night (Ref. 30874). Spine of preopercle venomous. Minimum depth reported taken from Ref. 30874.

Life cycle and mating behavior Geslachtsrijpheid | Voortplanting | Kuitschieten | Eieren | Fecundity | Larven

Voornaamste referentie Upload your references | Referenties | Coördinator : Randall, John E. | Medewerkers

Randall, J.E., 1998. Revision of the Indo-Pacific squirrelfishes (Beryciformes: Holocentridae: Holocentrinae) of the genus Sargocentron, with descriptions of four new species. Indo-Pac. Fish. (27):105 p. (Ref. 27370)

Status op de Rode Lijst van het IUCN (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Gevaarlijk voor mensen

  Venomous (Ref. 2334)




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