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Sargocentron microstoma  (Günther, 1859)

Smallmouth squirrelfish
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
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Sargocentron microstoma   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Sargocentron microstoma (Smallmouth squirrelfish)
Sargocentron microstoma
Picture by Randall, J.E.

Classification / Names Nombres comunes | Sinónimos | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterígios (peces con aletas radiadas) > Beryciformes (Sawbellies) > Holocentridae (Squirrelfishes, soldierfishes) > Holocentrinae
Etymology: Sargocentron: Greek, sargos = sargus + Greek, kentron = sting (Ref. 45335).

Medioambiente / Clima / Gama Ecología

; marino asociado a arrecife; rango de profundidad 1 - 183 m (Ref. 1602), usually 1 - 35 m (Ref. 58302).   Tropical, preferred ?; 35°N - 25°S

Distribución Países | Áreas FAO | Ecosistemas | Ocurrencias, apariciones | Point map | Introducciones | Faunafri

Indo-Pacific: Chagos Archipelago, Astove in Seychelles, and Maldives to the Hawaiian, Line, and Tuamoto Islands, north to the Ryukyu and Bonin Islands, south to Austral Islands; throughout Micronesia.

Tamaño / Peso / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 20.0 cm TL macho / no sexado; (Ref. 4201)

Short description Morfología | Morfometría

Espinas dorsales (total): 11; Radios blandos dorsales (total): 12-14; Espinas anales 4; Radios blandos anales: 9 - 10. Body with red and white stripes of different widths; head reddish above, silvery below; faint red band from eye to angle of preopercle; spinous dorsal white, with a submarginal zone of red (Ref. 4201). Five oblique scale rows on cheek; body moderately elongated, depth 2.9-3.5 in SL; head length (HL) 2.8-3.4 in SL; snout length 3.9-4.35 in HL; interorbital width 4.15-4.5 in HL; maxillary reaching to about below front of iris, upper jaw length 2.85-3.15 in HL; premaxillary groove reaching to about a vertical at the front edge of orbit; anterior end of nasal bone rounded; 1-2 spinules at medial margin of nasal bone; small nasal fossa without spinules on its edge (except a 16.3 cm specimen from the Society Islands with 1 spinule); upper edge of suborbital bone weakly serrated, spineless laterally; short preopercular spine 1/4-1/3 orbit diameter, 6.15-7.95 in HL; 3rd-5th dorsal spine longest 1.5-1.95 in HL; extremely long 3rd anal spine 1.0-1.2 in HL (Ref. 27370).

Biología     Glosario (por ej. epibenthic)

Inhabits virtually all coral reef zones (Ref. 1602). Benthopelagic in or near crevices and holes (Ref. 58302). Common in thickets of staghorn Acropora or in large Pocillopora heads (Ref. 1602). Feeds on small crustaceans, worms, and fishes during the night (Ref. 30874). Spine of preopercle venomous. Minimum depth reported taken from Ref. 30874.

Life cycle and mating behavior Madurez | Reproducción | Puesta | Huevos | Fecundidad | Larva

Main reference Upload your references | Referencias | Coordinador : Randall, John E. | Colaboradores

Randall, J.E., 1998. Revision of the Indo-Pacific squirrelfishes (Beryciformes: Holocentridae: Holocentrinae) of the genus Sargocentron, with descriptions of four new species. Indo-Pac. Fish. (27):105 p. (Ref. 27370)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Venomous (Ref. 2334)




Human uses

Acuario: Acuarios públicos
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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