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Gymnotus arapaima  Albert & Crampton, 2001

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Gymnotus arapaima
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Classification / Names Nomi Comuni | Sinonimi | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterigi (pesci con pinne raggiate) > Gymnotiformes (Knifefishes) > Gymnotidae (Naked-back knifefishes)
Etymology: Gymnotus: Greek, gymnos = naked (Ref. 45335);  arapaima: Named for the pirarucu Arapaima gigas (Teleostei: Osteoglossomorpha), referring to the elongate and slightly depressed head, which it resembles. Noun in apposition.

Ambiente / Clima / Range Ecologia

; acqua dolce demersale; pH range: 6.3 - 7.2.   Subtropical, preferred ?

Distribuzione Stati | Aree FAO | Ecosystems | Presenze | Point map | Introduzioni | Faunafri

South America: Mamirauá lake system, Lago Tefé, and terra firme swamps near the town of Tefé in Central Amazonia.

Size / Peso / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 55.0 cm TL maschio/sesso non determinato; (Ref. 41292); Peso massimo pubblicato: 450.00 g (Ref. 41292)

Short description Morfologia | Morfometria

Possess reverse counter shading (lighter on top) in which the dark bands are interrupted dorsally and the pale interband regions merge on the dorsum and in which the dorsum has a silver-blue sheen in life, and very large anterior nares (diameter about that of eye), associated with a large cleft in the anterolateral margin of the ethmoid region resulting in a square anterior margin of snout between the anterior nares. With deep body (body depth 11-13% TL versus 6-10): long head (head length 12.7-13.6% TL versus 8.8-12.6), and depressed head (head depth 53-57% TL versus 58-64) (Ref. 41292).

Biologia     Glossario (es. epibenthic)

Juveniles commonly collected in várzea floating meadows, adults in várzea flooded forest but rarely caught in floating meadows where they are presumed to spawn.

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturità | Riproduzione | Deposizione | Uova | Fecundity | Larve

Main reference Upload your references | Bibliografia | Coordinatore : Campos-da-Paz, Ricardo | Collaboratori

Albert, J.S. and W.G.R. Crampton, 2001. Five new species of Gymnotus (Teleostei: Gymnotiformes) from an upper Amazon floodplain, with descriptions of electric organ discharges and ecology. Ichthyol. Explor. Freshwat. 12(3):241-266. (Ref. 41292)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki |

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