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Tyrannophryne pugnax  Regan & Trewavas, 1932

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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
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Tyrannophryne pugnax   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Tyrannophryne pugnax
Tyrannophryne pugnax
Picture by Ho, H.-C.

Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Lophiiformes (Anglerfishes) > Oneirodidae (Dreamers)
Etymology: Tyrannophryne: Greek, 'tyrranos' or Latin, 'tyrannus' = tyrant + Greek, 'phryne' = toad (to mean "tyrannical toad" in reference to its menacing look; common name derived from type species T. pugnax) (Ref. 86949 ).   More on author: Regan, Trewavas.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Marine; bathypelagic; depth range 400 - 2100 m (Ref. 86949).   Deep-water, preferred ?

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Pacific Ocean: Eastern Central Pacific (Ref. 40966); western and central Pacific, including South Pacific (Ref. 86949).

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal soft rays (total): 5; Anal soft rays: 5. Metamorphosed females distinguished by having an extremely large oblique mouth; elements of upper and lower jaws extending posteriorly far beyond the base of the pectoral fin and opercular opening; vomerine teeth present or absent; well developed sphenotic spines; well-developed symphisial spine on lower jaw; elongate and tapering angular, forming long narrow spine; hypomandibula with two heads; small quadrate spine, however, longer than articular spine; deeply notched posterior margin of opercle; short and broad subopercle, dorsal end rounded, ventral end nearly circular; toothless pharyngobranchial II; caudal fin lacking internal pigmentation; extremely short illicium, almost totally enveloped by tissue of esca in smaller specimens; well developed first ray of dorsal fin; dorsal fin rays 5; anal fin rays 5; short and broad pectoral fin lobe, shorter than longest rays of pectoral fin; pectoral fin rays 18-20; skin naked, lacking dermal spinules; darkly pigmented skin of caudal peduncle extends well past base of caudal fin (Ref. 86949).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator | Collaborators

Nielsen, J.G., 1974. Fish types in the Zoological Museum of Copenhagen. Zoological Museum of Copenhagen, Denmark. 115 p. (Ref. 38022)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




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