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Hippocampus kuda  Bleeker, 1852

Spotted seahorse
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Hippocampus kuda
Picture by Greenfield, J.

Classification / Names Noms communs | Synonymes | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinoptérygiens (poissons à nageoires rayonnées) > Syngnathiformes (Pipefishes and seahorses) > Syngnathidae (Pipefishes and seahorses) > Hippocampinae
Etymology: Hippocampus: Greek, ippos = horse + Greek,kampe = curvature (Ref. 45335).   More on author: Bleeker.

Environnement / Climat / Gamme Écologie

; marin; saumâtre récifal; non migrateur; profondeur 0 - 68 m (Ref. 37816), usually 0 - 8 m (Ref. 90102).   Tropical, preferred ?; 39°N - 28°S, 32°E - 154°W (Ref. 57009)

Distribution Pays | Zones FAO | Écosystèmes | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Indo-Pacific: Pakistan and India to southern Japan, Hawaii, and the Society Islands (Ref. 30915). This name is used for maybe 10 distinct species in the Indo-Pacific (Ref. 12238, 30915). International trade is monitored through a licensing system (CITES II, since 5.15.04) and a minimum size of 10 cm applies.

Length at first maturity / Taille / Poids / Âge

Maturity: Lm 14.0  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 30.0 cm TL mâle / non sexé; (Ref. 1602)

Description synthétique Morphologie | Morphométrie

Épines dorsales (Total): 0; Rayons mous dorsaux (Total): 17-18; Épines anales 0; Rayons mous anaux: 4.

Biologie     Glossaire (ex. epibenthic)

Inhabit seagrass and marine algae areas of estuaries and seaward reefs; also on steep mud slopes. Found in open water and attached to drifting Sargassum up to 20 km from shore. Adults in pairs (Ref. 48635). Benthic to pelagic (Ref. 58302). Feeds on zooplankton (Ref. 85309). Ovoviviparous (Ref. 205). The males carry the eggs in a brood pouch which is found under the tail (Ref. 205). Not shown to be monogamous in the laboratory (Ref. 30915). Very popular aquarium fish. Highly valued species in traditional Chinese medicine (Ref. 30915). Has been reared in captivity (Ref. 35416).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturité | Reproduction | Frai | Œufs | Fécondité | Larves

There are 20 - 1000 larvae in incubating sacks; time of development is 20-28 days. The males carry the eggs in a brood pouch which is found under the tail (Ref. 205).

Référence principale Upload your references | Références | Coordinateur | Collaborateurs

Lourie, S.A., A.C.J. Vincent and H.J. Hall, 1999. Seahorses: an identification guide to the world's species and their conservation. Project Seahorse, London. 214 p. (Ref. 30915)

Statut dans la liste rouge de l'IUCN (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Menace pour l'homme

  Harmless




Utilisations par l'homme

Pêcheries: hautement commercial; Aquaculture: commercial; Aquarium: Commercial
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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