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Hippocampus kuda  Bleeker, 1852

Spotted seahorse
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Hippocampus kuda
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Classification / Names Nombres comunes | Sinónimos | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterígios (peces con aletas radiadas) > Syngnathiformes (Pipefishes and seahorses) > Syngnathidae (Pipefishes and seahorses) > Hippocampinae
Etymology: Hippocampus: Greek, ippos = horse + Greek,kampe = curvature (Ref. 45335).   More on author: Bleeker.

Medioambiente / Clima / Gama Ecología

; marino; salobre asociado a arrecife; no migratorio; rango de profundidad 0 - 68 m (Ref. 37816), usually 0 - 8 m (Ref. 90102).   Tropical, preferred ?; 39°N - 28°S, 32°E - 154°W (Ref. 57009)

Distribución Países | Áreas FAO | Ecosistemas | Ocurrencias, apariciones | Point map | Introducciones | Faunafri

Indo-Pacific: Pakistan and India to southern Japan, Hawaii, and the Society Islands (Ref. 30915). This name is used for maybe 10 distinct species in the Indo-Pacific (Ref. 12238, 30915). International trade is monitored through a licensing system (CITES II, since 5.15.04) and a minimum size of 10 cm applies.

Length at first maturity / Tamaño / Peso / Age

Maturity: Lm 14.0  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 30.0 cm TL macho / no sexado; (Ref. 1602)

Short description Morfología | Morfometría

Espinas dorsales (total): 0; Radios blandos dorsales (total): 17-18; Espinas anales 0; Radios blandos anales: 4.

Biología     Glosario (por ej. epibenthic)

Inhabit seagrass and marine algae areas of estuaries and seaward reefs; also on steep mud slopes. Found in open water and attached to drifting Sargassum up to 20 km from shore. Adults in pairs (Ref. 48635). Benthic to pelagic (Ref. 58302). Feeds on zooplankton (Ref. 85309). Ovoviviparous (Ref. 205). The males carry the eggs in a brood pouch which is found under the tail (Ref. 205). Not shown to be monogamous in the laboratory (Ref. 30915). Very popular aquarium fish. Highly valued species in traditional Chinese medicine (Ref. 30915). Has been reared in captivity (Ref. 35416).

Life cycle and mating behavior Madurez | Reproducción | Puesta | Huevos | Fecundidad | Larva

There are 20 - 1000 larvae in incubating sacks; time of development is 20-28 days. The males carry the eggs in a brood pouch which is found under the tail (Ref. 205).

Main reference Upload your references | Referencias | Coordinador | Colaboradores

Lourie, S.A., A.C.J. Vincent and H.J. Hall, 1999. Seahorses: an identification guide to the world's species and their conservation. Project Seahorse, London. 214 p. (Ref. 30915)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Pesquerías: muy comercial; Acuicultura: comercial; Acuario: Comercial
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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heritabilidad
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