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Giuris margaritacea  (Valenciennes, 1837)

Snakehead gudgeon
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Giuris margaritacea   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Giuris margaritacea (Snakehead gudgeon)
Giuris margaritacea
Picture by Murdy, E.O./Ferraris, C.J., Jr.

分類 / Names 俗名 | 同種異名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii 輻鰭魚綱 (條鰭魚) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Eleotridae (Sleepers) > Eleotrinae

環境 / 氣候 / 範圍 生態學

; 海洋; 淡水; 半鹹淡水 居於水底的; 非產卵性溯降河的 (Ref. 46888); 深度上下限 0 - 5 m (Ref. 86942).    20°C - 30°C (Ref. 2060), preferred ?; 18°N - 25°S

分布 國家 | FAO區域 | 生態系 | 發現紀錄 | Point map | 簡介 | Faunafri

Africa to Oceania: Madagascar to New Guinea, Australia and other islands of Melanesia.

大小 / 重量 / 年齡

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 29.0 cm TL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 11344); 最大體重: 171.00 g (Ref. 9162); 最大體重: 171.00 g

簡短描述 型態特徵 | 形態測量圖

背棘 (總數): 7; 背的軟條 (總數): 8-9; 臀棘 1; 臀鰭軟條: 9. Body relatively large, stout and cylindrical with a dorsally flattened head; generally greenish brown with 8-10 dark bars across sides and large black blotch at base of pectoral fins; lower half of head tan or yellowish with 3-4 dark brown to reddish stripes radiating from lower part of eye (Ref. 44894).

生物學特性     字彙 (例如 epibenthic)

Adults occur in fresh water, estuaries and inshore (Ref. 86252). Found in a variety of habitats including rivers, swamps, coastal streams and floodplains over mud bottoms, often among dense aquatic vegetation or the cover of undercut banks. They feed mainly on aquatic insects and nymphs, but also takes lesser amount of algae, other aquatic plants and small crustaceans. Pelagic larval stage is found in marine water, but adults are always found in freshwater (Ref. 44894).

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 產卵場 | | 孕卵數 | 仔魚

Plant spawner.

主要參考資料 Upload your references | 參考文獻 | 合作者 | 合作者

Allen, G.R., S.H. Midgley and M. Allen, 2002. Field guide to the freshwater fishes of Australia. Western Australian Museum, Perth, Western Australia. 394 p. (Ref. 44894)

IUCN 瀕危狀態 (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

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