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Gymnotus obscurus  Crampton, Thorsen & Albert, 2005

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Gymnotus obscurus
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drawing shows typical fish in this Family.

分類 / Names 共通名の | 類義語 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

条鰭類 > Gymnotiformes (Knifefishes) > Gymnotidae (Naked-back knifefishes)
Etymology: Gymnotus: Greek, gymnos = naked (Ref. 45335);  obscurus: Name from the Latin word 'obscurus' meaning dark, referring to its predominantly dark coloration.

環境 / 気候 / 範囲 生態学

; 新鮮な水 底生の漂泳性.   Tropical, preferred ?

分布 国々 | 国連食糧農業機関の区域 | エコシステム | 事件 | Point map | 導入 | Faunafri

South America: varzea floodplain at the conflluence of the Rio Solimoes (Amazon) and the Rio Japura in Mamiraua Reserve near the Tefé, Amazonas, Brazil.

サイズ / 重さ / 年齢

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 21.5 cm TL オス/雌雄の選別がない; (Ref. 55508)

簡単な記述 形態学 | 形態計測学

背面の脊椎 (合計): 0; 背鰭 (合計): 0; 臀鰭: 210 - 250. Distinguished from its congeners endemic to the Amazon and Orinoco Basins and the Guyana Shield in having many pectoral-fin rays 20-22; and a color pattern of oblique and undivided thin pale bands, less than one-quarter width of dark bands, with straight high-contrast margins, which extend to the dorsal midline on the anterior half of the body, and of which many are interrupted at the ventral margin of the hypaxial muscles along the anterior two-thirds of the body. Differs further from congeners endemic to the Amazon-Orinoco basins and the Guyana Shield in having the following unique combination of characters: clear (unpigmented) patch at the caudal end of the anal-fin membrane in specimens 6.0-23.5 TL; and bands never divided to form band pairs (Ref. 55508).

生物学     用語集 (例 epibenthic)

Inhabits root mats of floating meadows in floodplains. In the whitewater floodplain, juveniles are encountered in patches of floating macrophytes along lakes margins and along the edge of canos (drainage channels from lakes to the main river channels) and paranás (channels connected at both ends to the main river channel that transport whitewater through the floodplain). Floating macrophytes form extensive floating meadows. Undertakes aerial respiration by gulping atmospheric air into the hypervascularized posterior chamber of the gas bladder. Feeds primarily on chironomid larvae, small insect nymphs and small crustaceans (Ref. 55508).

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟 | 繁殖 | 放精 | | 生産力 | 幼生

主な参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | コーディネーター : Campos-da-Paz, Ricardo | 協力者

Crampton, W.G.R., D.H. Thorsen and J.S. Albert, 2005. Three new species from a diverse, sympatric assemblage of the electric fish Gymnotus (Gymnotiformes: Gymnotidae) in the lowland Amazon basin, with notes on ecology. Copeia 2005(1):82-99. (Ref. 55508)

IUCNのレッドリストの状況は (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

人間に対する脅威

  Harmless




Human uses

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