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Gymnotus varzea  Crampton, Thorsen & Albert, 2005

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Gymnotus varzea
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drawing shows typical fish in this Family.

Classification / Names Noms communs | Synonymes | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinoptérygiens (poissons à nageoires rayonnées) > Gymnotiformes (Knifefishes) > Gymnotidae (Naked-back knifefishes)
Etymology: Gymnotus: Greek, gymnos = naked (Ref. 45335);  varzea: Named for the whitewater várzea floodplain, which this species is restricted to.

Environnement / Climat / Gamme Écologie

; eau douce benthopélagique.   Tropical, preferred ?

Distribution Pays | Zones FAO | Écosystèmes | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

South America: Amazon basin in Brazil and Peru.

Taille / Poids / Âge

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 28.5 cm TL mâle / non sexé; (Ref. 55508); poids max. publié: 65.00 g (Ref. 55508)

Description synthétique Morphologie | Morphométrie

Épines dorsales (Total): 0; Rayons mous dorsaux (Total): 0; Rayons mous anaux: 230 - 310. Distinguished from its congeners endemic to the Amazon and Orinoco Basins and the Guyana Shield in having a color pattern of 16-22 oblique dark pigment bands with wavy and irregular margins in which the majority of bands at midbody form X-shaped patterns (resembling metaphase chromosomes) and in which the dark bands are about twice as broad as the pale interbands. Further differs from its congeners in having the following unique combination of characters: clear (unpigmented) patch at the caudal end of the anal-fin membrane in specimens 6.0-23.7 cm; and bands never divided to form band pairs (Ref. 55508).

Biologie     Glossaire (ex. epibenthic)

Found in root mats of floating meadows in floodplains (Ref. 55508). Gulps atmospheric air into the hypervascularized posterior chamber of its gas bladder (Ref. 55508). Feeds on small aquatic invertebrates such as chironomid larvae, insect nymphs and microcrustaceans (Ref. 55508).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturité | Reproduction | Frai | Œufs | Fécondité | Larves

Référence principale Upload your references | Références | Coordinateur : Campos-da-Paz, Ricardo | Collaborateurs

Crampton, W.G.R., D.H. Thorsen and J.S. Albert, 2005. Three new species from a diverse, sympatric assemblage of the electric fish Gymnotus (Gymnotiformes: Gymnotidae) in the lowland Amazon basin, with notes on ecology. Copeia 2005(1):82-99. (Ref. 55508)

Statut dans la liste rouge de l'IUCN (Ref. 115185)

  Non évalué 

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Menace pour l'homme

  Harmless




Utilisations par l'homme

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