You can sponsor this page

Dicentrarchus labrax  (Linnaeus, 1758)

European seabass
Добавить Ваши наблюдения в Fish Watcher
Загрузить свой Фото и Видео
Pictures | Videos     Изображение на Google
Image of Dicentrarchus labrax (European seabass)
Dicentrarchus labrax
Picture by Crocetta, F.

Классификация / Names народные названия | синонимы | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

лучеперые рыбы > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Moronidae (Temperate basses)
Etymology: Dicentrarchus: Greek, di = two + Greek, kentron = sting + Greek, archos = anus (Ref. 45335).

окружающая среда / климат / Range экология

; морской; пресноводный; солоноватоводный демерсальный; мигрирует в океане; пределы глубины 10 - 100 m (Ref. 9987).   Subtropical; 8°C - 24°C (Ref. 4944), preferred 11°C (Ref. 107945); 72°N - 11°N, 19°W - 42°E (Ref. 54221)

распространение страны | регионы FAO | Ecosystems | места находок | Point map | интродукции | Faunafri

Eastern Atlantic: Norway to Morocco, the Canary Islands and Senegal. Also known from the Mediterranean and Black Sea. Absent from White, Barents, Baltic and Caspian Seas (Ref. 59043).

Length at first maturity / Size / Вес / Возраст

Maturity: Lm 32.3, range 23 - 46 cm
Max length : 103 cm TL самец/пол неопределен; (Ref. 40637); common length : 50.0 cm TL самец/пол неопределен; (Ref. 6916); наибольший вес (опубликованные данные): 12.0 kg (Ref. 1468); наибольший возраст (опубликованны данные): 30 годы (Ref. 59043)

Краткое описание морфология | морфометрия

колючие лучи спинного плавника (общее число): 8 - 10; членистые (мягкие) лучи спинного плавника (общее число): 12-13; колючие лучи анального плавника 3; членистые (мягкие) лучи анального плавника: 10 - 12. Diagnosis: head with cycloid scales above; mouth moderately protractile (Ref. 231). Vomerine teeth only anteriorly (Ref. 231), in a crescentic band (Ref. 231, 57391). Scales on interorbital space cycloid (Ref. 57391). Posterior edge of opercle finely serrated, lower edge with strong forward- directed denticles (Ref. 231). 2 flat opercular spines (Ref. 231, 57391). Young with some dark spots on upper part of body (Ref. 231).

биология     глоссарий (например epibenthic)

Adults manifest demersal behavior, inhabit coastal waters down to about 100m depth but more common in shallow waters (Ref. 54221, 57391). Found in the littoral zone on various kinds of bottoms on estuaries, lagoons and occasionally rivers. They enter coastal waters and river mouths in summer, but migrate offshore in colder weather and occur in deep water during winter in the northern range. Young fish form school, but adults appear to be less gregarious (Ref. 9987). Feed chiefly on shrimps and mollusks, also on fishes (Ref. 5990). Juveniles feed on invertebrates, taking increasingly more fish with age. Adults piscivorous . (Ref. 59043). Spawn in batches (Ref. 51846). Spawning takes place in the spring near the British Isles, and earlier in its southern range. Eggs are pelagic (Ref. 35388). Marketed fresh or smoked (Ref. 9987). Highly sought by sport fishermen (Ref. 30578).

Life cycle and mating behavior половая зрелость | размножение | нерест | икра | Fecundity | личинки

Spawn in groups. Eggs are pelagic. In the Mediterranean, first sexual maturity occurs generally between 2 and 4 years of age while in the Atlantic sexual maturity happens a little later (males between 4-7 years and females between 5-8 years). Spawning happens just once a year and it tends to be in winter, although in southern areas it can occur in spring. Eggs have 1-2 fat drops that fuse about 12 hours after laying. Embryo development lasts about three days at 13-14°C and larval development about 40 days at 19°C. Egg size 1.1-1.5 mm, larval length at hatching 3 mm.

Основная ссылка Upload your references | ссылки | координатор : Heemstra, Phillip C. | соавторы

Smith, C.L., 1990. Moronidae. p. 692-694. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 2. (Ref. 6916)

Статус Красного Списка МСОП (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Угроза для людей

  Harmless




Использование человеком

рыболовство: коммерческий; аквакультура (рыбоводство): коммерческий; объект спортивного рыболовства: да
FAO(аквакультура (рыбоводство): production, Видовой профиль; рыболовство: production, Видовой профиль; publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

инструменты

Специальные отчеты

Скачать в формате XML

ресурсы в Интернет