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Knipowitschia punctatissima  (Canestrini, 1864)

Italian spring goby
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Knipowitschia punctatissima
Picture by Sanna, F.

Classification / Names Nomi Comuni | Sinonimi | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterigi (pesci con pinne raggiate) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Gobiidae (Gobies) > Gobiinae
Etymology: Knipowitschia: Because of N.M.Knipowitsch, a zoologist and Russian ichthyologist from the Academy of Sciences. Expeditions in "Pomor" and "Pervosvanniy" ships to Azov and Black sea (1898-1908).

Ambiente / Clima / Range Ecologia

; acqua dolce demersale.   Temperate, preferred ?; 47°N - 44°N

Distribuzione Stati | Aree FAO | Ecosystems | Presenze | Point map | Introduzioni | Faunafri

Europe: north-eastern Italy, including Veneto and eastern Po basin and Croatia.

Size / Peso / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 4.5 cm SL (female)

Short description Morfologia | Morfometria

Spine dorsali (totale): 8; Raggi dorsali molli (totale): 7-8; Spine anali 1; Raggi anali molli: 7; Vertebre: 31. This species is distinguished from its congeners by the following characters: no head lateral line canals; scales only under pectoral; body of live breeding males with 10-15 dark, irregular bars; D1 7 rays, D2 8.5 branched rays, A 7-8.5 branched rays (Ref. 59043); interorbit with uniserial row of papillae flanking each orbit (Ref. 12215).

Biologia     Glossario (es. epibenthic)

A short-lived species (less than 2 years) which occurs in small and karstic springs and streams, densely vegetated channels and slow-flowing streams (Ref. 59043); with constant water temperature, on sand or gravel with or without vegetation, also in silty areas, provided that the water remains clear (Ref. 26100). Feeds on small invertebrates. Spawns after first winter (February-July); females may spawn more than once during this season. Males defend the eggs deposited in cavities under stones, plant material or shells. Postlarvae pelagic. This species is threatened by water abstraction, which lowers the water table and habitat destruction caused by desiccation of some springs (Ref. 59043).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturità | Riproduzione | Deposizione | Uova | Fecundity | Larve

Females may spawn more than once during a season (Ref. 59043).

Main reference Upload your references | Bibliografia | Coordinatore | Collaboratori

Miller, P.J., 1990. The endurance of endemism: the Mediterranean freshwater gobies and their prospects for survival. J. Fish Biol. 37(Suppl. A):145-156. (Ref. 12215)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Pesca: di nessun interesse
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