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Cephalopholis leopardus  (Lacepède, 1801)

Leopard hind
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This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Cephalopholis leopardus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Cephalopholis leopardus (Leopard hind)
Cephalopholis leopardus
Picture by Greenfield, J.

分类 / Names 俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii 辐鳍鱼纲 (条鳍鱼) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Serranidae (Sea basses: groupers and fairy basslets) > Epinephelinae
Etymology: Cephalopholis: Greek, kephale = head + Greek, pholis = scale (Ref. 45335).

环境 / 气候 / 范围 生态学

; 海洋 礁区鱼类; 非迁移的; 深度上下限 1 - 40 m (Ref. 9710), usually 3 - 20 m (Ref. 37816).    , preferred ?; 31°N - 20°S, 40°E - 148°W (Ref. 5222)

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Indo-Pacific: East Africa (but not the Red Sea, Persian Gulf or South Africa) to the Society Islands, north to the Ryukyu Islands, south to northern Australia. Including most islands of the Indian Ocean and that of the west-central Pacific (Ref. 5222). Record from Rodriguez by Heemstra & Randall (1984, Ref. 3153) could not be verified and is probably erroneous (Ref. 33390).

大小 / 重量 / 年龄

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 24.0 cm TL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 9710)

简单描述 型态特徵 | 形态测量图

背棘 (总数): 9; 背的软条 (总数): 13-15; 臀棘 3; 臀鳍软条: 9 - 10. Resembles C. urodeta, but always has a distinctive dark saddle on caudal peduncle (Ref. 37816); characterized further by reddish brown head with numerous red-orange or pinkish red spots, extending to pectoral region; mottled pinkish brown body; upper caudal-fin base with large dark brown saddle with smaller saddle just behind; upper part of caudal fin with dark brown streak, less intense streak on lower part; ctenoid scales on body including abdomen; greatest depth of body 2.6-2.9 in SL; rounded caudal fin; pelvic fins, 2.0-2.3 in head length (Ref. 90102).

生物学特性     字汇 (例如 epibenthic)

Occurs in coral-rich areas of lagoon pinnacles, channels, and outer reef slopes. Solitary (Ref. 37816), a secretive species, usually hiding in caves and crevices in the reefs. One of the smallest species of groupers known. Omnivorous with diet composed of fishes and crustaceans; relatively low egg production per individual (Ref. 089707).

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼


主要参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | 合作者 : Heemstra, Phillip C. | 合作者

Heemstra, P.C. and J.E. Randall, 1993. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 16. Groupers of the world (family Serranidae, subfamily Epinephelinae). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the grouper, rockcod, hind, coral grouper and lyretail species known to date. Rome: FAO. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(16):382 p. (Ref. 5222)

世界自然保护联盟红皮书 (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

对人类的威胁

 




人类利用

渔业: 低经济
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | 周边海洋

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