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Epinephelus coioides  (Hamilton, 1822)

Orange-spotted grouper
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Image of Epinephelus coioides (Orange-spotted grouper)
Epinephelus coioides
Picture by Randall, J.E.

رده بندی / Names اسامي عام | مترادف | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

ماهبان شعاع باله > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Serranidae (Sea basses: groupers and fairy basslets) > Epinephelinae
Etymology: Epinephelus: Greek, epinephelos = cloudy (Ref. 45335).

محيط زيست / آب و هوا _ اقليم / Range بوم شناسي

; دريايي; لب شور وابسته به آب سنگ; تغييرات عمق 1 - 100 m (Ref. 167).   Subtropical, preferred 28°C (Ref. 107945); 37°N - 34°S, 28°E - 180°E (Ref. 5222)

پراكنش كشورها | مناطق سازمان خوار و بار جهاني (FAO) | Ecosystems | ظهور | Point map | معرفي | Faunafri

Indo-West Pacific: Red Sea south to at least Durban, South Africa and eastward to Palau and Fiji, north to the Ryukyu Islands, south to the Arafura Sea (Ref. 9819) and Australia. Recently reported from the Mediterranean coast of Israel (Ref. 5222). Frequently misidentified as Epinephelus tauvina or Epinephelus malabaricus (Ref. 27362).

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / سن

Maturity: Lm 48.3, range 25 - 30 cm
Max length : 120 cm TL جنس نر / بدون خواص جنسي; (Ref. 47613); بيشينه وزن گزارش شده: 15.0 kg (Ref. 11228); بيشينه سن گزارش شده: 22 سال ها (Ref. 3627)

توصيف مختصر ريخت شناسي | ريخت ستجي بوسيله انداره گيري

خارهاي باله پشتي (کل): 11; شعاع نرم باله پشتي (کل): 13-16; خارهاي باله مخرجي 3; شعاع نرم باله مخرجي: 8. Small individuals closely resemble E. tauvinaand E. malabaricus, but have orange spots and lack hexagonal spots on the fins (Ref. 37816); head and body tan dorsally, shading to whitish ventrally; numerous small brownish orange or reddish brown spots on head, body and median fins (Ref. 89707); further characterized by having overall tan color; four irregular H-shaped dark bars; back with 3-4 blackish saddles; head, body and fins with numerous small brownish orange or reddish brown spots; body scales ctenoid except for nape, back, thorax, abdomen and above anal-fin base with cycloid scales; greatest depth of body 2.9-3.7 in SL; rounded caudal fin; short pelvic fins, 1.9-2.7 in head length (Ref. 90102).

زيست شناسي     واژه نامه (بعنوان مثال epibenthic)

Inhabit turbid coastal reefs (Ref. 9710) and are often found in brackish water (Ref. 27362) over mud and rubble (Ref. 6390). Solitary (Ref 90102). Juveniles are common in shallow waters of estuaries over sand, mud and gravel and among mangroves (Ref. 6390). Feed on small fishes, shrimps, and crabs. Probably spawn during restricted periods and form aggregations when doing so (Ref. 27352). Eggs and early larvae are probably pelagic (Ref. 6390). Has been tested in several countries as a potential species for mariculture (Ref. 43448).

Life cycle and mating behavior بلوغ | تولید مثل | تخم ریزی | تخم ها | Fecundity | توزاد ( لارو)

Pelagic spawner (Ref. 32184).

مآخذ اصلی Upload your references | مراجع | هماهنگ كننده : Heemstra, Phillip C. | همكاران

Heemstra, P.C. and J.E. Randall, 1993. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 16. Groupers of the world (family Serranidae, subfamily Epinephelinae). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the grouper, rockcod, hind, coral grouper and lyretail species known to date. Rome: FAO. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(16):382 p. (Ref. 5222)

وضعيت در فهرست قرمز IUCN (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

خطر برای انسان ها

  Harmless




استفاده انسانی

ماهي گيري – شيلات: تجاري; آبزي پروري: تجاري
FAO(آبزي پروري: production, نمايه گونه; ماهي گيري – شيلات: production; publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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اسامي عام
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سوخت و ساز
شکارچیان
سم شناسي بوم زيستي
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بلوغ
تخم ریزی
Fecundity
تخم ها
نمو تخم
مراجع
آبزي پروري
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نژادها
ژنتيك
تواتر آلل ها
وارث
بيماري ها
فرآوری
Mass conversion
همكاران
عکس ها
Stamps, Coins
صداها
سيگواترا
سرعت
نوع شناگری
منطقه آبششي
Otoliths
مغزها
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