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Symphurus megasomus  Lee, Chen & Shao, 2009

Giant tonguefish
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Symphurus megasomus   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Symphurus megasomus (Giant tonguefish)
Symphurus megasomus
Male picture by Lee, M.-Y.

分类 / Names 俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii 辐鳍鱼纲 (条鳍鱼) > Pleuronectiformes (Flatfishes) > Cynoglossidae (Tonguefishes) > Symphurinae
Etymology: Symphurus: Greek, syn, symphysis = grown together + Greek, oura = tail (Ref. 45335);  megasomus: Name derived from the Greek, 'mega' for large, and 'somus' for body, referring to the large size of this species and the deep body without obvious tapering in the posterior body.

环境 / 气候 / 范围 生态学

; 海洋 底中水层性; 深度上下限 200 - 640 m (Ref. 82423).    , preferred ?

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Northwest Pacific: Taiwan.

Length at first maturity / 大小 / 重量 / 年龄

Maturity: Lm ?, range 10 - 14.342 cm
Max length : 14.7 cm SL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 82423); 14.3 cm SL (female)

简单描述 型态特徵 | 形态测量图

背的软条 (总数): 106-111; 臀鳍软条: 91 - 96; 脊椎骨: 55 - 58. This species is distinguished from all its congeners, except S. hondoensis and S. undatus, by its predominant 1-2-3-2-2 ID pattern. It also differs from both abovementioned species in having smaller eye (5.3-7.9% HL vs. 11.0-14.9% HL in S. hondoensis and 11.5-13.8% HL in S. undatus). This species further differs from S. hondoensis in having 9 abdominal vertebrae (vs. 10). S. megasomus is also distinguished from S. undatus, by having higher fin-ray counts, 106-111 dorsal-fin rays and 91-96 anal-fin rays (vs. 101-105 dorsal-fin rays and 87-91 anal-fin rays) and a uniform straw-colored to dark brown ocular-side coloration (vs. freckled ocular-side pigmentation) (Ref. 82423).

生物学特性     字汇 (例如 epibenthic)

This deep-water tonguefish species is known only from the continental shelf and upper continental slope off northeastern and eastern Taiwan; from 471-640 m by research vessels. Polychaetes, small crustaceans and some unidentified detritus were found in the digestive systems of fishes examined. Little else is known regarding the biology of this species (Ref. 82423).

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼


主要参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | 合作者 | 合作者

Lee, M.-Y., H.-M. Chen and K.-T. Shao, 2009. A new species of deep-water tonguefish genus Symphurus (Pleuronectiformes: Cynoglossidae) from Taiwan. Copeia 2009(2):342-347. (Ref. 82423)

世界自然保护联盟红皮书 (Ref. 115185)

  不评价 

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

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