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Ostracion meleagris  Shaw, 1796

Whitespotted boxfish
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Image of Ostracion meleagris (Whitespotted boxfish)
Ostracion meleagris
Male picture by Randall, J.E.

Classification / Names Nombres comunes | Sinónimos | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterígios (peces con aletas radiadas) > Tetraodontiformes (Puffers and filefishes) > Ostraciidae (Boxfishes)
Etymology: Ostracion: Greek, ostrakon = shell (Ref. 45335).   More on author: Shaw.

Medioambiente / Clima / Gama Ecología

; marino asociado a arrecife; rango de profundidad 1 - 30 m (Ref. 9710).   Tropical, preferred ?; 32°N - 35°S, 24°E - 89°W

Distribución Países | Áreas FAO | Ecosistemas | Ocurrencias, apariciones | Point map | Introducciones | Faunafri

Indo-Pacific and Eastern Pacific: East Africa to the Mexico, north to southern Japan and the Hawaiian Islands, south to New Caledonia and the Tuamoto Islands. The subspecies Ostracion meleagris camurum is found in the Hawaiian Islands and Ostracion meleagris clippertonense in the Eastern Pacific. Species replaced by Ostracion cyanurus in Red Sea and Gulf of Aden.

Tamaño / Peso / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 25.0 cm TL macho / no sexado; (Ref. 3141)

Short description Morfología | Morfometría

Espinas dorsales (total): 0; Radios blandos dorsales (total): 9; Espinas anales 0; Radios blandos anales: 9. Juveniles and females brown or green with white spots; large males with orange bands and spots on side of body (Ref. 3141). Caudal fin rays 10 (Ref. 3141). Sexually dimorphic (Ref. 37816).

Biología     Glosario (por ej. epibenthic)

Inhabits clear lagoon and seaward reefs from the lower surge zone to at least 30 meters (Ref. 37816, 48637). Juveniles among rocky boulders, often with long spined urchins, and adults on reef crests and slopes. Males swim about more openly than females that are often in close vicinity to the males (Ref. 48637). Solitary. Feeds on didemnid tunicates, polychaetes, sponges, mollusks, copepods, and algae (Ref. 37816).

Life cycle and mating behavior Madurez | Reproducción | Puesta | Huevos | Fecundidad | Larva

Main reference Upload your references | Referencias | Coordinador : Matsuura, Keiichi | Colaboradores

Myers, R.F., 1991. Micronesian reef fishes. Second Ed. Coral Graphics, Barrigada, Guam. 298 p. (Ref. 1602)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Venomous




Human uses

Pesquerías: pesquerías de subsistencia; Acuario: Comercial
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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