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Ernogrammus zhirmunskii  Markevich & Kharin, 2011

Seven-lined prickleback
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Image of Ernogrammus zhirmunskii (Seven-lined prickleback)
Ernogrammus zhirmunskii
Picture by Markevich, A.I.

分類 / Names 俗名 | 同種異名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii 輻鰭魚綱 (條鰭魚) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Stichaeidae (Pricklebacks) > Stichaeinae
Etymology: Ernogrammus: Greek, ernos, -eos, -ous = bud, shoot, descendenat + Greek, gramma = letter, mark, signal (Ref. 45335);  zhirmunskii: Named for Alexey V. Zhirmunsky (1921-2000) of the Russian Academy of Sciences, founder and director of the Institute of Marine Biology (Far Eastern Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Vladivostok), and the initiator of the Far Eastern Marine Biosphere Reserve.

環境 / 氣候 / 範圍 生態學

; 海洋 居於水底的; 深度上下限 2 - 11 m (Ref. 86739).    , preferred ?

分布 國家 | FAO區域 | 生態系 | 發現紀錄 | Point map | 簡介 | Faunafri

Northwest Pacific: Russia, Sea of Japan.

大小 / 重量 / 年齡

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 6.4 cm SL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 86739); 7.5 cm SL (female)

簡短描述 型態特徵 | 形態測量圖

背棘 (總數): 41 - 42; 臀棘 2; 臀鰭軟條: 28 - 30; 脊椎骨: 44 - 47. This species is distinguished from its congeners in having 7 body sensory canals, including one short canal in the middle of belly; anal fin rays with one short rigid spine posteriormost (I 28-30 I); with one narrow white stripe between two wide black ones on the base of pelvic fin, and one dark blotch on the dorsal fin anteriorly (Ref. 86739).

生物學特性     字彙 (例如 epibenthic)

This species, from visual underwater observations, occurs in rocky substrate, 2.5-11.3 m, at water temperature from 14ºC to 21ºC during July to September. It is a secretive species, and under ordinary condition it seldom leave their shelters under boulders in the daytime and usually with only the anterior part of the body exposed. During the collection, 1-3 fish were usually found under one boulder 0.3 × 0.3 m in size, the common density reached 8 fish/m2. The species is inactive at night, unlike E. hexagrammus which commonly occurs in the same rocky habitat. Specimens of the type series had average body weight 1.425 g (1.100-1.900 g), the smallest collected fish (FEMBSNR 748 juvenile SL 34 mm) had body weight of 0.350 g. Stomachs of collected specimens contained remains of shells of small mollusk Falsicingula mundana (Gastropoda: Discopoda: Falsicingulidae), remains of unidentified fish and lumps of tiny fish eggs (Ref. 86739).

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 產卵場 | | 孕卵數 | 仔魚


主要參考資料 Upload your references | 參考文獻 | 合作者 | 合作者

Markevich, A.I. and V.E. Kharin, 2011. A new species of prickleback Ernogrammus zhirmunskii (Acanthopterygii: Perciformes: Stichaeidae) from the Sea of Japan, Russia. Zootaxa 2814:59-66. (Ref. 86739)

IUCN 瀕危狀態 (Ref. 115185)

  未評估 

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

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