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Symphurus maculopinnis  Munroe, Tyler & Tunnicliffe, 2011

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Symphurus maculopinnis
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drawing shows typical fish in this Family.

Klassifizierung / Names Namen | Synonyme | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (Strahlenflosser) > Pleuronectiformes (Flatfishes) > Cynoglossidae (Tonguefishes) > Symphurinae
Etymology: Symphurus: Greek, syn, symphysis = grown together + Greek, oura = tail (Ref. 45335);  maculopinnis: The specific name, maculopinnis, from the Latin macula, meaning spot, and pinna, meaning fin, referring to the conspicuous spots on the dorsal and anal fins of this species; noun in apposition (Ref. 87974).

Lebensraum / Klimazone / Range Ökologie

; seewasser benthopelagisch; tiefenbereich ? - 561 m (Ref. 87974).   Tropical, preferred ?; 24°S - 25°S, 177°W - 178°W

Verbreitung Länder | FAO Gebiete | Ecosystems | Vorkommen | Point map | Einführungen | Faunafri

Western Pacific: Tonga Arc, Volcano-19. Tunnicliffe et al., 2010 (Ref. 88005) indicated that this species was also observed at shallower depths (between 195-381 m) at a second, nearby site (Volcano-1). However, re-examination of photographs indicates that the individuals upon which these observations were based can not be positively identified. Thus, reported occurrences of S. maculopinnis both at Volcano-1 and at these shallower depths is tenuous (Ref. 87974).

Size / Gewicht / Alter

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 8.4 cm SL (female)

Kurzbeschreibung Morphologie | Morphometrie

Symphurus maculopinnis is distinguished from all other species of Symphurus by the combination of a 1–2–2–2–1 ID pattern, 14 caudal-fin rays, 3+6 abdominal vertebrae, 49 total vertebrae, about 89 scales in a longitudinal row, 92 dorsal-fin rays, 77 anal-fin rays, a blunt squarish snout, blind-side lower jaw with thick lip with conspicuous plicae, and by conspicuous ocellated (sometimes partially) black spots on the posterior dorsal and anal fins (Ref. 87974).

Biologie     Fachlexikon (Englisch) (z.B. epibenthic)

Known only from the holotype, collected on soft sediments at 561 m; 56 other individuals observed, but not collected, were found on a variety of substrata, including coarse gravel, gravelly sand-shell and gravelly sand, located between 433-561 m on Volcano-19, Tonga Arc, western Pacific. Considered to be a true vent species since (Ref. 87974).

Life cycle and mating behavior Geschlechtsreife | Fortpflanzung | Ablaichen | Eier | Fecundity | Larven

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Munroe, T.A., J. Tyler and V. Tunnicliffe, 2011. Description and biological observations on a new species of deepwater symphurine tonguefish (Pleuronectiformes: Cynoglossidae: Symphurus) collected at Volcano 19, Tonga Arc, West Pacific Ocean. Zootaxa 3061:53-66. (Ref. 87974)

IUCN Rote Liste Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Bedrohung für Menschen

  Harmless




Nutzung durch Menschen

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