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Stiphodon alcedo  Maeda, Mukai & Tachihara, 2012

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Stiphodon alcedo
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分類 / Names 俗名 | 同種異名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii 輻鰭魚綱 (條鰭魚) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Gobiidae (Gobies) > Sicydiinae
Etymology: Stiphodon: Greek, stiphos, -eos, -oys = mass + Greek, odous = teeth (Ref. 45335);  alcedo: Named from the Latin alcedo, meaning kingfisher, as the metallic turquoise on the head and body and the orange around the belly of the nuptial coloured male is similar to the plumage of the kingfisher, Alcedo atthis. A noun in apposition.

環境 / 氣候 / 範圍 生態學

; 淡水 居於水底的.    , preferred ?

分布 國家 | FAO區域 | 生態系 | 發現紀錄 | Point map | 簡介 | Faunafri

Asia: Okinawa Island and Iriomote Island of the Ryukyu Archipelago, Japan.

Length at first maturity / 大小 / 重量 / 年齡

Maturity: Lm ?, range 3 - 3 cm
Max length : 4.3 cm SL 雄魚/尚未辨別雌雄; (Ref. 90212); 4.8 cm SL (female)

簡短描述 型態特徵 | 形態測量圖

背棘 (總數): 7; 背的軟條 (總數): 9-10; 臀棘 1; 臀鰭軟條: 10; 脊椎骨: 25 - 27. Distinguished from its congeners by having the following characters: dorsal fins, usually VI-I, 9, male having pointed, but not filamentous, first dorsal fin with elongate spines 4 and 5, posterior tip of fin usually extending to base of soft-rays 2-5 of second dorsal fin; pectoral fin with 15-17 (mode 16) rays; 32-40 premaxillary teeth; dentary with 32-45 horizontal teeth; female with two black longitudinal bands laterally on body arranged with a larger interval between two bands; lower band composed of 8-11 regular blotches, upper band thin and pale; all fins of female usually with faint markings; non-nuptial colored male having a dark brown longitudinal band just below lateral midline; nuptial colored male lacking this band, and having blackish or sometimes orange body, metallic turquoise laterally on head, metallic turquoise spot on upper pectoral-fin base when alive; and male often with 1-6 somewhat obscure black spots on pectoral-fin rays (Ref. 90212).

生物學特性     字彙 (例如 epibenthic)

Adults and juveniles inhabit freshwater streams, usually in pools. Often form shoals with conspecific individuals and the congeners Stiphodon percnopterygionus and Stiphodon atropurpureus, and occasionally with Stiphodon imperiorientis.

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 產卵場 | | 孕卵數 | 仔魚


主要參考資料 Upload your references | 參考文獻 | 合作者 | 合作者

Maeda, K., M. Takahiko and K. Tachinara, 2011. A new species of amphidromous goby, Stiphodon alcedo, from the Ryukyu Archipelago (Gobiidae: Sicydiinae). Cybium 35(4):285-298. (Ref. 90212)

IUCN 瀕危狀態 (Ref. 115185)

  未評估 

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

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