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Glanidium botocudo  Sarmento-Soares & Martins-Pinheiro, 2013

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Glanidium botocudo
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drawing shows typical fish in this Family.

分类 / Names 俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii 辐鳍鱼纲 (条鳍鱼) > Siluriformes (Catfish) > Auchenipteridae (Driftwood catfishes) > Centromochlinae
Etymology: Glanidium: Diminutive of Greek, glanis = a fish that can eat the bait without touching the hook; a cat fish (Ref. 45335);  botocudo: Name is in reference to the Botocudo, the generic name given to native indigenous people wearing artifacts ('botoques') on ears and lips. Those Indians were the original inhabitants of large extensions of the Floresta Atlântica (Paraíso, 1992), including the lands along the rio Mucuri valley and far west, to the rio Doce, range of the new Glanidium species. A noun in apposition.

环境 / 气候 / 范围 生态学

; 淡水 底中水层性.    , preferred ?

分布 国家 | FAO区域 | 生态系 | 标本纪录 | Point map | 简介 | Faunafri

South America: coastal rivers systems (Rio Doce and Rio Mucuri) in Brazil.

大小 / 重量 / 年龄

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 9.6 cm SL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 93811)

简单描述 型态特徵 | 形态测量图

背棘 (总数): 2; 背的软条 (总数): 5; 臀鳍软条: 11; 脊椎骨: 36 - 37. This species is diagnosed from other species of Glanidium, except G. albescens, by the presence of small dark spots over a pale yellow ground color (vs. large dark blotches over a pale brown ground color). It differs from G. albescens by having pectoral fin spine length, about 21-26 % in SL (vs. 17-20% in SL), 10 ribs (vs. 9) and 36-37 vertebrae (vs. 38-39). The possession of 36 or 37 vertebrae separates this species from G. cesarpintoi, G. albescens, G. leopardum, G. melanopterum, G. catharinensis, and G. ribeiroi (with 38 or 39 in G. cesarpintoi, 38 or 39 in G. albescens, 40 or 41 in G. leopardum, 41 in G. melanopterum, 41 in G. catharinensis, and 44 in G. ribeiroi). It also differs from other species by having anterior margin of the pectoral-fin spine with serrae on its entire margin (vs. serrae restricted to distal portion of spine in G. melanopterum, G. catharinensis and G. ribeiroi or smooth anterior margin in G. leopardum) and by a long sharpened ventral process on urohyal (vs distinctly short robust process in G. melanopterum, G. cesarpintoi, G. catharinensis, and G. ribeiroi) (Ref. 93811).

生物学特性     字汇 (例如 epibenthic)

Occurs in lotic sections of rivers and also lakes. Active at night. Feeds on allochthonous resources, such as beetles, and autochthonous aquatic invertebrates, such as insect larvae and gastropods based on gut contents of 8.2 cm SL specimen (Ref. 93811).

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼


主要参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | 合作者 : Ferraris, Jr., Carl J. | 合作者

Sarmento-Soares, L.M. and R.F. Martins-Pinheiro, 2013. Glanidium botocudo, a new species from the rio Doce and rio Mucuri, Minas Gerais, Brazil(Siluriformes: Auchenipteridae) with comments on taxonomic position of Glanidium bockmanni Sarmento-Soares & Buckup. Neotrop. Ichthyol. 11(2):265-274. (Ref. 93811)

世界自然保护联盟红皮书 (Ref. 115185)

  不评价 

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

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