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Garra palaruvica  Arunachalam, Raja, Nandagopal & Mayden, 2013

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Garra palaruvica
Male picture by Arunachalam, M., et al.

Classification / Names Populärnamn | synonymer | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (strålfeniga fiskar) > Cypriniformes (Carps) > Cyprinidae (Minnows or carps) > Labeoninae
Etymology: Garra: Name based on a vernacular Indian name (Hamilton, 1822:343, Ref. 1813).;  palaruvica: Named for Palaruvi Falls in Kerala from where the specimen was first collected. A noun in apposition.

Miljö / Klimat / Range Ekologi

; sötvatten bentopelagisk.   Tropical, preferred ?

Utbredning Länder | FAO områden | Ekosystem | Förekomster | Point map | Utplanteringar | Faunafri

Asia: Palaruvi Falls, Kallada River basin in Kerala, India.

Size / Vikt / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 4.4 cm SL hane/ej könsbestämd; (Ref. 95191)

Short description Morfologi | Morfometri

Mjukstrålar i ryggfenan (totalt): 10-11; Mjukstrålar i analfenan: 7. This species can be diagnosed from other species of Garra from the Western Ghats by the following combination of characters: intermediate development of the mental disc and central pad; isthmus free from mental disc; long maxillary barbell; naked breast; absence of a proboscis; well developed scales on belly; well developed pre-pelvic scales; 2.5 anal scale rows; 15-17 pre-anal scale rows; 11 pre-dorsal scale rows; 9+8 caudal-fin rays; 13 branched pectoral-fin rays; 31-33 lateral-line scale rows; 15-16 circumpeduncular scale rows; 20-22 circumferential scales. This species differs from congeners from north and north-eastern part of India by the following combination of characters: intermediate development of mental disc and central pad; isthmus free from mental disc; long maxillary barbel; belly scaled; breast naked; absence of median proboscis; absence of proboscis on snout; suctorial disc rounded; well developed post-pelvic region; dorsal-fin rays ii-iii, 8 ; 13 branched pectoral-fin rays; 9+8 caudal-fin rays; 11 pre-dorsal scale rows ; 2.5 anal scale rows; 15-17 pre-anal scale rows; absence of W-shaped band on caudal-fin; 31-33 lateral line scales and 15-16 circumpeduncular scale rows (Ref. 95191).

Biologi     Ordlista (t.ex. epibenthic)

Inhabits a second order mountain stream where banks are highly confined with bedrock and the extension of bedrock into the streams forms nearly 80% of the substrate. Found below the waterfall in a pooled area (Ref. 95191).

Life cycle and mating behavior Könsmognad | Reproduktion | Lek | Ägg | Fecundity | Larver

Main reference Upload your references | referenser | Koordinator | Medarbetare

Arunachalam, M., M. Raja, S. Nandagopal and R.L. Mayden, 2013. Garra palaruvica, a new cyprinid fish (Cypriniformes: Cyprinidae) from Kerala, Western Ghats, peninsular India. Intl. J. Zool. Res. 3(1):62-68. (Ref. 95191)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




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