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Pseudocyttus maculatus  Gilchrist, 1906

Smooth oreo dory
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Pseudocyttus maculatus
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Classification / Names Nomi Comuni | Sinonimi | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterigi (pesci con pinne raggiate) > Zeiformes (Dories) > Oreosomatidae (Oreos) > Pseudocyttinae
Etymology: Pseudocyttus: Greek, pseudes = false + Greek, kyttaros, kytos = a convex cavity.

Ambiente / Clima / Range Ecologia

; marino batidemersale; oceanodromo (Ref. 51243); distribuzione batimetrica 400 - 1500 m (Ref. 5194), usually 900 - 1100 m (Ref. 36731).   Deep-water, preferred 12°C (Ref. 107945); 34°S - 67°S, 90°W - 176°W (Ref. 27159)

Distribuzione Stati | Aree FAO | Ecosystems | Presenze | Point map | Introduzioni | Faunafri

Southwest Atlantic: off Uruguay to Argentina and the Falklands. Southeast Atlantic: Namibia to South Africa, including the northern part of Walvis Ridge (Ref. 6545). South Pacific: off southern Chile, Bellingshausen and Australian-Antarctic Basin to New Zealand, New South Wales and Tasmania, Australia and the Kerguelen Islands.

Length at first maturity / Size / Peso / Age

Maturity: Lm 40.0  range ? - 41 cm
Max length : 68.0 cm TL maschio/sesso non determinato; (Ref. 58312); common length : 40.0 cm TL maschio/sesso non determinato; (Ref. 9258); Peso massimo pubblicato: 5.0 kg (Ref. 6390); Età massima riportata: 100 anni (Ref. 27140)

Short description Morfologia | Morfometria

Spine dorsali (totale): 5 - 7; Raggi dorsali molli (totale): 33-36; Spine anali 2-3; Raggi anali molli: 31 - 34; Vertebre: 40 - 43. First dorsal spine longer than second dorsal spine. Opercles fully scaled (Ref. 27159). Female adult chocolate brown in color with darker fins; prejuveniles silvery with numerous dark spots of various sizes which become larger with age (Ref. 6548).

Biologia     Glossario (es. epibenthic)

Inhabit continental slopes of all southern continents (Ref. 6545). Adults found near the bottom; juveniles near the surface, usually in association with krill (Ref. 5194). Feed mainly on salps (Ref. 27150). Eggs float near the sea surface and larvae also inhabit surface waters (Ref. 6390). There is no vertical migration during the day or night (Ref. 27150).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturità | Riproduzione | Deposizione | Uova | Fecundity | Larve

Displays seasonally synchronised reproduction (Ref. 6390).

Main reference Upload your references | Bibliografia | Coordinatore : Heemstra, Phillip C. | Collaboratori

Heemstra, P.C., 1990. Oreosomatidae. p. 226-228. In O. Gon and P.C. Heemstra (eds.) Fishes of the Southern Ocean. J.L.B. Smith Institute of Ichthyology, Grahamstown, South Africa. (Ref. 5194)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Pesca: commerciale
FAO(pesca: production; publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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