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Pseudocyttus maculatus  Gilchrist, 1906

Smooth oreo dory
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Pseudocyttus maculatus
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分类 / Names 俗名 | 同种异名 | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii 辐鳍鱼纲 (条鳍鱼) > Zeiformes (Dories) > Oreosomatidae (Oreos) > Pseudocyttinae
Etymology: Pseudocyttus: Greek, pseudes = false + Greek, kyttaros, kytos = a convex cavity.

环境 / 气候 / 范围 生态学

; 海洋 深海底的; 海洋洄游的 (Ref. 51243); 深度上下限 400 - 1500 m (Ref. 5194), usually 900 - 1100 m (Ref. 36731).    , preferred 12°C (Ref. 107945); 34°S - 67°S, 90°W - 176°W (Ref. 27159)

分布 国家 | FAO区域 | 生态系 | 标本纪录 | Point map | 简介 | Faunafri

Southwest Atlantic: off Uruguay to Argentina and the Falklands. Southeast Atlantic: Namibia to South Africa, including the northern part of Walvis Ridge (Ref. 6545). South Pacific: off southern Chile, Bellingshausen and Australian-Antarctic Basin to New Zealand, New South Wales and Tasmania, Australia and the Kerguelen Islands.

Length at first maturity / 大小 / 重量 / 年龄

Maturity: Lm 40.0  range ? - 41 cm
Max length : 68.0 cm TL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 58312); common length : 40.0 cm TL 雄鱼/尚未辨别雌雄; (Ref. 9258); 最大体重: 5.0 kg (Ref. 6390); 最大年龄: 100 年 (Ref. 27140)

简单描述 型态特徵 | 形态测量图

背棘 (总数): 5 - 7; 背的软条 (总数): 33-36; 臀棘 2-3; 臀鳍软条: 31 - 34; 脊椎骨: 40 - 43. First dorsal spine longer than second dorsal spine. Opercles fully scaled (Ref. 27159). Female adult chocolate brown in color with darker fins; prejuveniles silvery with numerous dark spots of various sizes which become larger with age (Ref. 6548).

生物学特性     字汇 (例如 epibenthic)

Inhabit continental slopes of all southern continents (Ref. 6545). Adults found near the bottom; juveniles near the surface, usually in association with krill (Ref. 5194). Feed mainly on salps (Ref. 27150). Eggs float near the sea surface and larvae also inhabit surface waters (Ref. 6390). There is no vertical migration during the day or night (Ref. 27150).

Life cycle and mating behavior 成熟度 | 繁殖 | 产卵场 | | 孕卵数 | 仔鱼

Displays seasonally synchronised reproduction (Ref. 6390).

主要参考文献 Upload your references | 参考文献 | 合作者 : Heemstra, Phillip C. | 合作者

Heemstra, P.C., 1990. Oreosomatidae. p. 226-228. In O. Gon and P.C. Heemstra (eds.) Fishes of the Southern Ocean. J.L.B. Smith Institute of Ichthyology, Grahamstown, South Africa. (Ref. 5194)

世界自然保护联盟红皮书 (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

对人类的威胁

 




人类利用

渔业: 商业性
FAO(渔业: 产生; publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | 周边海洋

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