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Epinephelus summana  (Forsskål, 1775)

Summan grouper
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
Epinephelus summana   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Epinephelus summana (Summan grouper)
Epinephelus summana
Picture by Field, R.

Klassifizierung / Names Namen | Synonyme | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (Strahlenflosser) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Serranidae (Sea basses: groupers and fairy basslets) > Epinephelinae
Etymology: Epinephelus: Greek, epinephelos = cloudy (Ref. 45335).

Lebensraum / Klimazone / Range Ökologie

; seewasser; brackwasser riff-verbunden; tiefenbereich 1 - 30 m (Ref. 89707).   Tropical, preferred 27°C (Ref. 107945); 31°N - 9°N, 32°E - 46°E (Ref. 5222)

Verbreitung Länder | FAO Gebiete | Ecosystems | Vorkommen | Point map | Einführungen | Faunafri

Western Indian Ocean: known only from the Red Sea and Gulf of Aden (Ref. 5222). Reported from Somalia and Socotra (Yemen).

Size / Gewicht / Alter

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 52.0 cm TL Männchen/unbestimmt; (Ref. 9710); common length : 40.0 cm TL Männchen/unbestimmt; (Ref. 5450)

Kurzbeschreibung Morphologie | Morphometrie

Rückenflossenstacheln (insgesamt): 11; Rückenflossenweichstrahlen (insgesamt): 14-16; Afterflossenstacheln 3; Afterflossenweichstrahlen: 8 - 9. Body robust. Serrae at the angle of the preopercle slightly enlarged; the upper edge of the operculum strongly convex. Posterior nostril of adults vertically elongate. Very similar to E. ongus which has longer pectoral fins, and a narrow white margin with broad blackish submarginal band on the median fins, which are absent or poorly developed in E. summana. Generally dark olive-brown to dark brownish gray with large pale blotches (most larger than the eye) and numerous small white spots overlying this pattern. Fins covered with small white spots, except for pectoral fins where the white spots are confined to the base.

Biologie     Fachlexikon (Englisch) (z.B. epibenthic)

Occurs in shallow protected coral reefs and in lagoons or brackish-water environments (Ref. 5222). No published information on the biology of this species has been found (Ref. 5222). Sold fresh in local markets (Ref. 5222).

Life cycle and mating behavior Geschlechtsreife | Fortpflanzung | Ablaichen | Eier | Fecundity | Larven

Hauptreferenz Upload your references | Referenzen | Koordinator : Heemstra, Phillip C. | Partner

Heemstra, P.C. and J.E. Randall, 1993. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 16. Groupers of the world (family Serranidae, subfamily Epinephelinae). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the grouper, rockcod, hind, coral grouper and lyretail species known to date. Rome: FAO. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(16):382 p. (Ref. 5222)

IUCN Rote Liste Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Bedrohung für Menschen

  Harmless




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