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Epinephelus summana  (Forsskål, 1775)

Summan grouper
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Native range | All suitable habitat | Point map | Year 2100
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Epinephelus summana   AquaMaps   Data sources: GBIF OBIS
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Image of Epinephelus summana (Summan grouper)
Epinephelus summana
Picture by Field, R.

Classification / Names Populärnamn | synonymer | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (strålfeniga fiskar) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Serranidae (Sea basses: groupers and fairy basslets) > Epinephelinae
Etymology: Epinephelus: Greek, epinephelos = cloudy (Ref. 45335).

Miljö / Klimat / Range Ekologi

; marina; brackvatten revassocierade; djupintervall 1 - 30 m (Ref. 89707).   Tropical, preferred 27°C (Ref. 107945); 31°N - 9°N, 32°E - 46°E (Ref. 5222)

Utbredning Länder | FAO områden | Ekosystem | Förekomster | Point map | Utplanteringar | Faunafri

Western Indian Ocean: known only from the Red Sea and Gulf of Aden (Ref. 5222). Reported from Somalia and Socotra (Yemen).

Size / Vikt / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 52.0 cm TL hane/ej könsbestämd; (Ref. 9710); common length : 40.0 cm TL hane/ej könsbestämd; (Ref. 5450)

Short description Morfologi | Morfometri

Taggstrålar i ryggfenan (totalt): 11; Mjukstrålar i ryggfenan (totalt): 14-16; Taggstrålar i analfenan 3; Mjukstrålar i analfenan: 8 - 9. Body robust. Serrae at the angle of the preopercle slightly enlarged; the upper edge of the operculum strongly convex. Posterior nostril of adults vertically elongate. Very similar to E. ongus which has longer pectoral fins, and a narrow white margin with broad blackish submarginal band on the median fins, which are absent or poorly developed in E. summana. Generally dark olive-brown to dark brownish gray with large pale blotches (most larger than the eye) and numerous small white spots overlying this pattern. Fins covered with small white spots, except for pectoral fins where the white spots are confined to the base.

Biologi     Ordlista (t.ex. epibenthic)

Occurs in shallow protected coral reefs and in lagoons or brackish-water environments (Ref. 5222). No published information on the biology of this species has been found (Ref. 5222). Sold fresh in local markets (Ref. 5222).

Life cycle and mating behavior Könsmognad | Reproduktion | Lek | Ägg | Fecundity | Larver

Main reference Upload your references | referenser | Koordinator : Heemstra, Phillip C. | Medarbetare

Heemstra, P.C. and J.E. Randall, 1993. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 16. Groupers of the world (family Serranidae, subfamily Epinephelinae). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the grouper, rockcod, hind, coral grouper and lyretail species known to date. Rome: FAO. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(16):382 p. (Ref. 5222)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fiskeri: mindre kommeriell
FAO(fiskeri: produktion; publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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