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Tylochromis bangwelensis  Regan, 1920

Hump-back bream
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Tylochromis bangwelensis
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Cichlidae (Cichlids) > Pseudocrenilabrinae
Etymology: Tylochromis: Greek, tylos = callus + Greek, chromis = a fish, perhaps a perch (Ref. 45335).   More on author: Regan.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; benthopelagic.   Tropical, preferred ?

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Africa: Luapula, Lake Bangwelu and surrounding swamps, and the Chambezi (upper Congo River basin) in Democratic Republic of the Congo and Zambia (Ref. 246, 45616, 52346). Reports from the Luvua, upper Lualaba and lakes Mweru and Upemba (Ref. 2970, 45616) based on misidentifications (Ref. 52346).

Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?, range 11 - 12 cm
Max length : 27.5 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 52962)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 13 - 15; Dorsal soft rays (total): 14-16; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 7 - 8; Vertebrae: 28. Diagnosis: Lower lateral line extending far forward (Ref. 52962).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Predominant food is the lake-fly in its larval aquatic stages (Ref. 246). Max. length of 27.5 cm presumed to be TL.

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Female mouth-brooder; breeding occurs during the rainy seasons and the young, a favorite prey for the tiger-fish, keep closer inshore among Eleocharis reed and other vegetation (Ref. 246). Young fish still attached to the yolk sac can be found in the mouth of a parent which is at the verge of spawning again (Ref. 52961).

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Kullander, Sven O. | Collaborators

Stiassny, M.L.J., 1991. Tylochromis. p. 526-533. In J. Daget, J.-P. Gosse, G.G. Teugels and D.F.E. Thys van den Audenaerde (eds.) Check-list of the freshwater fishes of Africa (CLOFFA). ISNB, Brussels; MRAC, Tervuren; and ORSTOM, Paris. Vol. 4. (Ref. 5714)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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