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Tylochromis mylodon  Regan, 1920

Mweru hump-backed bream
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Tylochromis mylodon
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Classification / Names Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa

Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes (Perch-likes) > Cichlidae (Cichlids) > Pseudocrenilabrinae
Etymology: Tylochromis: Greek, tylos = callus + Greek, chromis = a fish, perhaps a perch (Ref. 45335);  mylodon: Named by Regan (1920) presumably in reference to the mill-like molariform pharyngeal dentition of this species (Ref. 52346).   More on author: Regan.

Environment / Climate / Range Ecology

Freshwater; benthopelagic.   Tropical, preferred ?

Distribution Countries | FAO areas | Ecosystems | Occurrences | Point map | Introductions | Faunafri

Africa: Lufira, Lake Mweru and the lower and middle Luapula (upper Congo River basin) in Democratic Republic of the Congo and Zambia (Ref. 52346).

Size / Weight / Age

Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 22.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 52346); max. published weight: 963.90 g (Ref. 246)

Short description Morphology | Morphometrics

Dorsal spines (total): 13 - 14; Dorsal soft rays (total): 14-15; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 7 - 8; Vertebrae: 28. Diagnosis: lateral line count of 38-43 scales; 16-17 closely packed gill-rakers along the lower limb of the first arch; extremey robust lower pharyngeal jaw with mill-like molariform teeth occupying at least two thirds of the dentigerous surface; third pore of mandibular laterosensory canal enlarged compared to the size of the preceding pores (Ref. 52346).

Biology     Glossary (e.g. epibenthic)

Benthic macrophage (Ref. 52346). Feeds mainly on insects and their larvae, but also (in small quantities) on crustaceans and molluscs (Ref. 52307). Maternal mouthbrooder (Ref. 52346). Marked intolerance to oxygen lack (Ref. 246).

Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae

Main reference Upload your references | References | Coordinator : Kullander, Sven O. | Collaborators

Stiassny, M.L.J., 1989. A taxonomic revision of the African genus Tylochromis (Labroidei, Cichlidae); whith notes on the anatomy and relationships of the group. Ann. Mus. R. Afr. Cent. Ser. 8, Sci. Zool., 258:1-161. (Ref. 52346)

IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 115185)

CITES (Ref. 94142)

Not Evaluated

Threat to humans

  Harmless




Human uses

Fisheries: commercial
FAO(Publication : search) | FisheriesWiki | Sea Around Us

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